Strategy for developing Greater Ouagadougou and improving basic infrastructure and city services in underprivileged areas



Approval Date
Actual Completion Date
Proposal Focus
Core Focus
Secondary Cities
Country Type
Burkina Faso
Lesson Learned for Cities Alliance Members and Partners
The conduct and completion of the CDS increased the visibility and general understanding of Cities Alliance and its members. Political Support The political support was evident from the involvement of the officials including mayor, councilors, MPs, civil society, development partners, traditional and religious authorities, etc. The approach that aimed to involve broad based public participation generated interest in the project and greater ownership of the process. It is important to show the agreement of technical and financial Partners to support Municipality of Ouagadougou through it Strategy and action plan. That explains the importance given to participatory approach as a way of Planning in the Cities; The dynamics of dialogue will be continued by active participation of the stakeholders in the forum organized for effective resource mobilization for annual action plan. Financial Resources The project faced a lot of difficulties in financing all the project activities because some co-financiers did not pay their contributions in time. Some of the solutions to explore in the future could be: • To create a common fund, at the country level, for all the CDS activities • To find an easy disbursement mechanism that simplifies the procedures in accordance with the flexibility of the CDS implementation process. • To ensure, at the beginning of the project, the financial contributions of all partners, mainly the communes as well as the political support of the mayor. At the Institutional Level The inclusion of several actors in the steering Committee has produced a positive impact on the future evolution of project. The following are the recommendations for the next phase: • The Project Steering Committee should continue to collaborate with universities, Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Ministry of Environment and other partners including AFD. • The project should include, from the beginning, the Ministry of Housing and other key ministries such as Ministry of Decentralisation, Economy and Finance.


Burkina Faso’s capital city, Ouagadougou, with a population of 1.2 million, is growing at a high rate to reach an estimated population of 3,000,000 by the year 2025. This rapid demographic evolution presents numerous challenges for the provision of housing, infrastructure and service delivery, particularly in the peri-urban areas. The city seeks to undertake a CDS to develop the local economy and improve basic urban services and infrastructure for its underserved areas. In alignment with the priorities set forth in the action plan developed within the framework of national campaign on security of tenure and urban governance, this project seeks to a local development strategy for implementing millennium development goals.
1) Build partnerships for the formulation of a CDS for Ouagadougou; 2) Ensure coherence of effort with the national urban investment strategy and donors’ programmes and projects; 3) Design an inclusive CDS for urban economic development, integrating a programme for upgrading basic infrastructure in deprived areas.
1) Undertake a diagnostic of the city economy, building upon the ECOLOC processes experienced in Burkina-Faso, and Urban Economic Profile methodology; 2) Set up thematic working groups, and undertake specific studies (LED, upgrading and inclusion of peri-urban areas, municipal finance, infrastructure, urban environment, etc); 3) Develop the strategy, including financing, institutional, and operational arrangements, as well as short- and medium-term action plans; 4) Identifying opportunities to mobilise private sector investments for implementation.
Expected Impacts and Results
As a result of the adoption of the CDS and in alignment with its action plan, the Agence Française de Développement (AFD) is financing the following activities in Ouagadougou: Land Use plans (Plans occupation de sol), urban mobility and the rehabilitation of the Central market of the city. The expected long term impact of the initiative is a sustainable urban development of Metropolitan Ouagadougou.