(Programme) Joint Work Programme on Cities and Migration
At the request of several members, Cities Alliance convened a Joint Work Programme on Cities and Migration for its 2018–21 strategy. The inception meeting for the new Joint Work Programme took place in Bern, 18 October 2017, co-hosted by Cities Alliance and the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC). The Cities Alliance Assembly approved the Cities Alliance Strategy and Joint Work Programme during the Assembly Meeting in Jinja, Uganda, 13-15 December 2017. Cities Alliance makes a commitment of up to 10 years to initiate and consolidate its work programme on cities and migration. Three phases are foreseen to operationalize the work programme, the first phase is implemented from 2018 to 2021.
The objective of the Cities and Migration Joint Work Programme is to enable partner cities, local governments, host communities and migrants to manage challenges and leverage opportunities arising from migration to cities for sustainable and inclusive development. Cities Alliance makes a commitment of up to 10 years to initiate and consolidate the Joint Work Programme on Cities and Migration. In three dedicated phases, the first being implemented from 2018-2021, Cities Alliance will pursue four interrelated outcomes, which all contribute directly to the Agenda 2030 and Sustainable Development Goals: 1. Local authorities and key support partners are enabled to facilitate orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration, including through the implementation of planned and well-managed migration policies (SDG 10.7, SDG 11.A) 2. Local authorities and key support partners are strengthened in their capacities and mandate to integrate migrants into urban spaces and to foster social cohesion (SDG 10; SDG 8.8) 3. Local authorities and key support partners are strengthened in their capacities and mandate to receive, manage, and integrate involuntary migrants displaced by conflict or environmental shocks (SDG 10.7) 4. Local authorities and key support partners are equipped with knowledge and approaches to combat human trafficking, forced labour, and modern slavery through increased capacities and right partnerships (SDG 10.7, SDG 8.7, SDG 16.2, SDG 5.2).
Focus 1: Well-planned and Managed Urban Migration Provide evidence-based information on migration trends to cities for proactive urban planning Design improved data collection systems for cities to include migrants, independent of their migration status Understand and plan for urban labour market dynamics Identify barriers to improved migration management, particularly due to policy fragmentation or unclear mandates at local level Propose solutions for disjunctions between national and local policies obstructing well-managed migration processes, e.g. laws and welfare policies Rethink and reshape institutions’ space-bound functions at rural, urban, and national level to accommodate the needs of migrants at their place of origin, transit, and destination Identify financing mechanisms to enable urban partners to implement improved migration plans and policies Improve systems to track and make public allocation for gender equality and migrant women’s empowerment Analyse the respective competencies, capacities, expertise, social/political and economic capital of stakeholders for advanced partnership models Engage in global advocacy efforts for well-managed migration to cities Identify functional public-private partnerships to finance advanced practices for urban migration Strengthen or build local, national or international networks of cross sectoral or spatial nature to design improved, practical approaches for migration management Strengthen or develop new city-to-city partnerships Strengthen approaches such as hometown associations Focus 2: Integration and Social Cohesion Research on the economic, political and social cost for cities if migrants are restricted in their access to livelihoods and services Identify legislations or practices which discriminate against migrants and recommend improved frameworks which promote, enforce, and monitor inclusive practices Research on the economic, political and social short- and long-term risks of segregation Analyse the respective competencies, capacities, expertise, social/political and economic capital of stakeholders for advanced partnership models for social inclusion of migrants in cities Demonstrate models and mechanism which allow migrants to contribute to urban planning and to gain a political representation Foster a constructive dialogue at local, national, and international level on the benefits of more access to services and livelihoods for migrants in cities Support and foster mechanisms for community engagement and intergroup relationships Design and implement awareness programmes for host communities on both the challenges and opportunities of city migration. Highlight the potential if migration is well-managed and migrants are accepted. Pre-empt tensions, create bonds and dispel false stereotypes which are commonly the source of discrimination and xenophobia Identify real or perceived competition among migrants and local residents and address them through pre-emptive awareness campaigns Conduct awareness programmes on how strong the contribution of migrants can be if they gain access to basic services, equitable employment, and official registration/status Design and pilot programmes which benefit both migrant and host communities to retain acceptance for hosting migrants, particularly displaced communities (e.g. better infrastructure or access to livelihoods for all) Pilot systems and approaches which provide migrants sustainable and equitable access to basic services (housing, health care, sanitation, education, transport) and livelihoods (enable entrepreneurship or access to decent work, skills training, certification of pre-existing skills or qualifications) Train and equip labour inspectorates, police, and labour attachés at embassies to support migrants in their basic rights and access to decent work Support the implementation of labour broker regulations, specifically according to the Dhaka Principles Focus 3: Internally Displaced Persons and Refugees Improve systems to anticipate large displacement flows and record displaced persons, particularly if they are not camp-based but dispersed across urban areas Analyse and improve current urban crisis migration policies, plans and approaches Analyse the respective competencies, capacities, expertise, social/political and economic capital of stakeholders and foster advanced partnership models for an improved management of crisis migration Provide technical and financial support to pilot advanced crisis management initiatives, with emphasis on reshaping traditional short-term humanitarian approaches Focus 4: Human Trafficking, Forced Labour and Modern Slavery Improve local, national, and transnational data collection and coordination mechanisms to combat trafficking, forced labour and modern slavery Understand current practice, trends, legislation and stakeholders and analyse the underlying reasons for people’s vulnerability to trafficking, forced labour and modern slavery and propose mitigation measures Understand and address the barriers for migrants and displaced person to access safe livelihoods which increase their overall vulnerability for exploitation Identify better systems to identify and protect trafficked persons within urban spaces Provide an evidence-based rationale which firmly places the need to combat human trafficking, modern slavery and forced labour on cities agendas worldwide Analyse the respective competencies, capacities, expertise, social/political and economic capital of stakeholders and foster advanced partnership models to combat trafficking, forced labour and modern slavery Build a sense of responsibility, capacity, and trust in local authorities to prevent, protect and prosecute trafficking, forced labour, and modern slavery (e.g. anti-trafficking police, police in general, labour inspectors, labour attaches at embassies etc.) Conduct safe migration campaigns in urban and rural spaces Support national efforts to regulate labour brokers, also in alignment with the Dhaka Principles Support all efforts which address the underlying vulnerability of migrants (e.g. no officially recognised status; no access to services such as safe housing, education, safe transportation, health care and insurance; access to livelihoods; or access to formal financial services which can improve migrants depth management capacity) Support programmes which keep migrant girls and boys in school e.g. through conditional student grant programmes which can reduce the risk for trafficking into child labour and child slavery Improve child protection system for migrant girls and boys
Expected Impacts and Results
Local authorities and key support partners are enabled to facilitate orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration, including through the implementation of planned and well-managed migration policies (SDG 10.7, SDG 11.A) Local authorities and key support partners have the capacity and mandate to integrate migrants into urban spaces and to foster social cohesion (SDG 10; SDG 8.8, SDG 5) Local authorities and key support partners have the capacity and mandate to receive, manage, and integrate involuntary migrants displaced by conflict or environmental shocks (SDG 10.7) Local authorities and key support partners have the capacity and right partnerships to combat human trafficking, forced labour and modern slavery of urban migrants (SDG 10.7, SDG 8.7, SDG 16.2, SDG 5.2)