Pro-Poor Slum Upgrading Frameworks for India, the Philippines and South Africa



Approval Date
Actual Completion Date
Proposal Focus
Core Focus
Secondary Cities
Country Type


This proposal builds upon the partnerships that have been created in three countries, and translates them into action plans wholly different from the conventional project-dominated developmental cycle. The three countries have been chosen because they contain elements essential for success and sustainability – strong, well established networks of organised urban poor, and governments that have expressed (not without contradiction) , through action and not mere rhetoric, a willingness to engage and to try new approaches. It was for these reasons that each of these countries was prioritised for launches of the Global Campaign for Secure Tenure.
The objective is to design slum upgrading programmes that are centred on the interests and leadership of the urban poor working with government and other partners. Each city project will establish the legal, policy and regulatory frameworks for the implementation of pro-poor slum-upgrading model in India, the Philippines and South Africa. Specifically, by combining the existing and demonstrated organisational capacity of the urban poor, which will be augmented by political support of the governments and appropriate support from international partners, the explicit objective is to demonstrate the ability for city-wide slum upgrading.
a) Study of legislation, policies and regulatory frameworks related to slum-upgrading, the financial regulatory environment and systems of tenure;  (b) Creation of a financial model for establishing and operating an urban poor fund, following financial risk assessment;  (c) Review existing conditions and trends and develop specific legal, policy and regulatory reforms required to provide secure tenure, establish an urban poor fund and enable the design and implementation of a pro-poor upgrading action plan;  (d) Form Action Plans for pro-poor slum upgrading in three countries;  (e) Compile a casebook and three videos to capture and disseminate the lessons-learned from the experiences in the three countries. These will facilitate the further development and mainstreaming of a pro-poor approach to Settlement Upgrading in the Cities Alliance;  (f) Develop generic tools and guidelines for pro-poor slum-upgrading.
Expected Impacts and Results
The proposal brings together some of the largest networks of the urban poor who have developed a proven capacity and methodology for “horizontal exchanges” of information, knowledge and expertise among urban poor people. Horizontal exchanges will be incorporated into the final international meeting at which lessons-learned will be synthesized and disseminated. More traditional and conventional forms of dissemination, including casebooks, the Internet and international meetings will also be used to share the lessons.