Metropolitan Lima City Poverty Strategy



Approval Date
Actual Completion Date
Proposal Focus
Core Focus
Secondary Cities
Country Type


The proposal articulates a multi-year program of priority investments, needed policy reforms, and technical assistance, and to develop an institutionalized approach to monitoring and evaluation based on poverty indicators that will provide a sound platform for future poverty-focused investment and policy action. Through a technically rigorous and participatory process, the government of Metropolitan Lima with input from local governments, non-governmental organizations, civil society, and the donor community will identify priority issues and bottlenecks to poverty alleviation, taking into account cost-benefit analysis and trade-offs within the context of a intertemporal budget constraint.
(a) Building Assets for the Poor, including improving the quality, accessibility and affordability of: i) Human Assets, such as health, education, and early childhood development;  ii) Land Assets, namely housing, land tenure, and local environment; and  iii) Infrastructure Assets, such as water and sanitation services, transportation and roads, urban services, solid waste, energy, telecom, and micro-finance; (b) Creating an Environment for Investment and Economic Activity by identifying issues related to market access and labor markets, exploring informal sources of growth and potential entry points for technology, and evaluating the banking and financial systems; (c) Providing Physical and Financial Security, by exploring issues of personal security such as violence, gang activity, youth at risk, and disease prevention and issues relating to financial security, including social safety nets, risk management, and formal and informal coping mechanisms; (d) Improving Institutions and Intra-Governmental Relations including the roles and responsibilities of central and local governments, the process of “regionalization”, and the overall fiscal relations between the central government, Provincial Municipality, and District Municipalities of Lima; and (e) Addressing Cross-cutting Themes such as demographic and spatial relations, decentralization and institutions, social exclusion, citizen empowerment and participation, and environmental issues that characterize poverty and should necessarily guide poverty reduction.
1) Background Studies of existing government programs and data;  2) Launch/Design CPS information campaign and website;  3) Articulation of a detailed methodology for the participatory process focusing consultations on   producing policy recommendations based on technical rigor, international expertise and reverse study tours used as needed;  4) Preliminary collection and analysis of primary data, both qualitative and quantitative;  5) Mesas de Concertación used to identify civil society’s perception of priority thematic areas;  6) Workshops of stakeholders (MML, local mayors, NGOs) and peer reviewers to identify first round of diagnostic / technical studies using background studies and mesas as inputs;  7) Capacity building initiative at the Metropolitan and local levels and including the strengthening of civil society’s capacity to participate in M&E and strategic planning approaches;  8) Initiate design of participatory monitoring and evaluation system;  9) Identification of main sector issues, bottlenecks to improved sector performance and poverty alleviation, and cost –benefit analysis of various of options for intervention;  10) Technical Working Committees to review work and identify further studies;  11) Identification of preliminary progress and poverty indicators;  12) “Reverse Study Tour” to share experiences and learn from other Metropolitan areas / governments addressing similar thematic issues to better understand technical options;  13) Compilation of Poverty Profile;  14) Public Dissemination of Poverty Profile & Technical Policy options;  15) Participatory Methodology implemented; 15)  Mesas in each cone consulted as to the validity of the diagnostics and definition of progress and poverty indicators;  16) Options outlined in technical studies discussed in Mesas and facilitated by NGOs;  17) Capacity Building for M&E: strengthen and build up existing participatory budgeting approaches and training for General Planning Office; 18) Public Dissemination of Participatory Recommendations;  19) Workshop with a professional facilitator implementing ART process;  20) Final production and public dissemination of CPS products;  21) Institutionalization of CPS into formal expenditure program of MML.
Expected Impacts and Results
The key expected impact of the work is the development of a credible program for poverty reduction that leads to a mobilization of resources (from the international community, government sources, and the private sector) for a portfolio of investments, policy reforms, and technical assistance to be implemented by metropolitan authorities, local governments, the central government, the private sector, and civil society.