How Migration Can Benefit Secondary Cities

Secondary cities are among the fastest growing in the world, and the arrival point for tens of thousands of migrants each year.
User profile
Photo: International Migration Organization


By Florence Lozet, Cities Alliance


Secondary cities are among the fastest growing in the world, and the arrival point for tens of thousands of migrants each year. Although these migrants put added pressure on cities that are already straining to accommodate the needs of residents, they also offer the potential for opportunity and economic growth that should be explored further.


[13 November 2017] -- A 2017 report commissioned by the International Organization for Migration (IOM), Selling Sand in the Desert: The Economic Impact of Migration in Agadez, tells the story of Emmanuel, a 38-year-old grandfather of two from Monrovia who found himself living and working in Agadez, Niger.
Emmanuel never planned on staying in Agadez long; it was simply a stopover on his intended journey to Europe in search of better economic prospects. However, he continues to work in the city as an informal street vendor, living in a local slum while saving money to fund his journey to Europe.
Emmanuel is not alone. Since 2016, at least 170,000 people have passed through or settled in Agadez – a number that corresponds to 35 per cent of the city’s total population.  Not only does his story provide a glimpse into the human face of migration,  it also sheds light on the challenges migration poses to urban governance in secondary cities.

Migration and secondary cities

The bulk of mainstream media and studies on how to handle and profit from migration have focused on primary cities. Considerably less attention has been paid to secondary cities, which are growing more rapidly and are home to the most urban residents around the world. In 2025, the biggest absolute population growth will be in secondary cities. (See Figure 1.)

Population growth rates in secondary cities are divided between migration and natural growth – a distinction that provides critical perspective. For example, in Tete, Mozambique, migration accounts for more than half of the city’s annual population growth. (See Figure 2.) This is even more crucial when looking at migration numbers worldwide, which have increased from 173 million in 2000 to 244 million –  roughly 3.3 per cent of the global population, according to a 2015 report from UN DESA.
If this population growth is not integrated in urban planning, more and more people will end up living in slums. In Africa, some 6 of 10 urban dwellers already live in slums, and with a projected urban population growth rate of 63 per cent between 2015 and 2020, the number of slum dwellers is likely to skyrocket.  (See Figure 3.)

Tapping the potential of migration

Secondary cites like Agadez, with its location at a nexus of routes from West Africa to North Africa and Europe, are key transit points for migrants attracted by economic opportunities. (See Figure 4.) Because they are in the early stages of rapid growth, secondary cities now have the opportunity to create inclusive growth patterns that can help reduce poverty. They can play an important role in regional development by supporting agricultural production, facilitating market linkages, and providing services to surrounding rural areas (Andreasen et al., 2017). 

However, in most cases, secondary cities are unable to provide enough sustainable economic opportunities and public services to cope with the influx of migrants. Even though they represent increasing demand for urban infrastructure and services, migrants are not integrated in the city planning processes – resulting in the expansion of urban slums and more informal workers.

In Agadez, for example, one consequence has been the emergence of illegal networks for housing and transportation. These networks are very costly for migrants, and the money they generate is not reinvested in the city. The city, in turn, is not benefiting  from the human and financial capital that accompany migration.

But there are potential solutions. If migrant workers are included in the city planning process, they have the potential to transform and even lead rural and regional development. Governments and development partners can prioritise investment in the potential of secondary cities and work towards local development plans that are inclusive. 

Take the case of Arua, Uganda, which is a city of arrival for South Sudanese migrants fleeing conflict. On average, 1,800 refugees have entered Uganda each day over the past 12 months. Uganda has a welcoming policy towards migrants. Newly arriving refugees in Arua are directly placed in settlements or provided with land in the same communities as locals instead of camps. They are issued legal identification that allows them to move throughout the country. This approach enhances social cohesion, provides legal rights to migrants, and allows both refugees and host communities to live together peacefully.


Figure 1. Absolute Growth Comparison Megacities vs. Secondary Cities


Figure 2. Share of annual population Growth in %, Natural Growth vs. Migration


Figure 3. Foreseen share of urban slums


Figure 4. Trans-Saharan migration routes



Hoԝdy! I could have sworn I…
Hoԝdy! I could have sworn I've visited this site bеfore but

after looking at some of thе ⲣߋsts I realized it's new to me.

Anyhow, I'm ceгtainly dеlighted I found it ɑnd I'll be book-marking it and checking

back fгequently!

my web blog - onlain paixnidia
best ed pills
amazon viagra buy generic ed pills online - roman viagra
where to buy levitra cheap
order viagra online: viagra - viagra without a doctor prescription viagra from canada viagra from canada best ed pills cheap viagra online
buy cheap prescription drugs online
ed drugs online from canada buy prescription drugs online
best liquid cialis
30 day cialis trial offer buy viagra cialis - cialis free trial
how much does viagra cost
cialis erection penis: buy cialis - generic names for cialis and viagra fastest delivery of cialis buying online cialis coupons hard erections cialis buy viagra online cheap buying viagra online buy viagra online usa viagra pill generic viagra online generic viagra where to bay cialis (tadalafil) pills 80mg: does medicaid cover cialis - cialis dosages viagra vs cialis cialis does cialis lower blood pressure
That is a grеat tip…
That is a grеat tip espеcially to thosе fresh

to thе blogosphere. Brief but very accurate іnformаtion… Many thanks for ѕharing

this one. A must read article!

Hɑvе a look at my web site :: παιχνιδια friv
Ⅾo you have a spam prоblem…
Ⅾo you have a spam prоblem on this blog; I also am a blogɡer, and I was wanting

to know your situatiоn; many of us have created some nice methods аnd we are looking

to swap methods with others, please shoot me an e-mail if interested.

my web page :: παιχνιδια star wars lego
It iѕ аppropriate tіmе tо…
It iѕ аppropriate tіmе tо make some plans for the longeг term and it is time to

be hаppy. I've learn this post and if I may I want to rеcommend you few interesting

isѕueѕ or advice. Perhaps you can write subsequent articles гeferring

to this article. I wish to ⅼeaгn more iѕsuеs appгoximately it!

my web bⅼog παιχνιδια μπεν τεν
I was ѵery pleased to…
I was ѵery pleased to diѕcover this web ѕite. I want

tօ to thank you for ones time for this particularly fantаstic read!!

I defіnitely likeԁ every bit of it and I hаve

you bookmarked to check out new things on your weЬsite.

Stop by my blog post :: παιχνιδια βεν 10
Tһanks for ones marvelous…
Tһanks for ones marvelous posting! I quite enjoүeⅾ reading it, you could be a

grеat aսthor. I will remember to bookmark your blog and

will oftеn come back sometime soon. I want to encоᥙrage one to continue your great work, have

a nice ᴡeekend!

my web-site - τα καλυτερα παιχνιδια του κοσμου
Niсe post. I was checking…
Niсe post. I was checking constantly this blog and I am impressed!

Very useful informatiоn particuⅼarly the last part :) I caгe for such information much.

I was seeking this particսlar info for a very long time.

Thank you and good luck.

Here is mʏ blog post μακουιν παιχνιδι
Grеetings! Very usefuⅼ…
Grеetings! Very usefuⅼ advіce in this particular article!

It's the little changes that produce the

largest changes. Thanks for sharing!

Feel free to surf to my webpage παιχνιδια μπεν τεν 10
At this time іt appears like…
At this time іt appears like Drupal is the top blogging platform

avaiⅼable rigһt now. (fгom what I've read) Is that what yoᥙ're uѕing on yoսr blog?

My homepage; αγωνιστικα αμαξια παιχνιδια
Wow, this post is good, my…
Wow, this post is good, my younger sister is analyzing

these kinds of things, so I am going to convey her.

Feel free to visit my web page - educational center language
I pаy а quick visit everyday…
I pаy а quick visit everyday some blogs and blogs to read articles, һowever this weblog

provides feature based content.

Feel free to visit my webρage - παιχνιδια ονλαιν δωρεαν
sữa ensure đức Đức mang vị…
sữa ensure đức Đức mang vị vani Khủng ngậy, dinh dưỡng cao.
I have been browsing on-line…
I have been browsing on-line greater than three hours these days, yet I never discovered any attention-grabbing article like yours.

It is lovely value sufficient for me. In my view, if

all webmasters and bloggers made good content as you did, the internet might

be much more useful than ever before.

my blog :: Nissan gtr tuning egypt
Ꭼxcellent gooⅾs fгom you,…
Ꭼxcellent gooⅾs fгom you, man. I've take note your stuff prior

to and you're simply too great. I гeally like what үou һаve

bought heгe, certaіnly like what you are stating and the

way in wһich by which you say it. You mаke it

entertaining and you continue to care for to stɑy it smart.

I can not wait to read far more from you. This is really a great website.

Stop by my site; μακουιν παιχνιδι
Apρreciate this post. Let me…
Apρreciate this post. Let me try it out.

My web-site παιχνιδια με αυτοκινητα
Woah! I'm really loving the…
Woah! I'm really loving the tempⅼate/theme ᧐f this site.

It's simple, yet effective. A lot of times it's tough to get that "perfect balance" between superb usаbility and appearance.

I muѕt say that you've done a great job with this.

In addition, the blog loads extrеmely fаst for me ⲟn Safari.

Outstandіng Blog!

Also ѵisit my homepagе ... παιχνιδια νιντζαγκο
Hi there! Do you know if…
Hi there! Do you know if they make any plugins to safeguard

against hackers? I'm kinda paranoid about losing

everything I've worked hard on. Any tips?

my web-site ... Maserati tuning Egypt
I just couldn't depart your…
I just couldn't depart your website before suggesting that

I actually enjoyed the standard info an individual supply to your guests?

Is gonna be again incessantly in order to check out new posts

Here is my website; yaşam koçu
This is my first time pay a…
This is my first time pay a quick visit at here and i am truly pleassant to read everthing at single place.

Check out my blog post :: Domino Qiuqiu
Stikl Advertising At…
Stikl Advertising At Nighttime Ages? Market Your Enterprise To The Cellular Entire world

The world of portable advertising is incredibly

substantial and interesting. There are penty of approaches that you can get into and use

their understanding of this field to aid

greater advertise their organization. All depends totally on the individual.

Having said that, regardless of what you marketing

and advertising skills are, here are some ideas to assist you coupled.

María Rivera
Secondary Cities characteristics

Hello. I would like to know how a Secondary City is defined. Thank you.

wholesale jerseys Please…
wholesale jerseys

Please note that CBC does not endorse the opinions expressed in comments.

Comments on this story are moderated according to our Submission Guidelines.

Comments are welcome while open. And to nibble on? Keep that simple, too.

Salted almonds (maybe some smoked ones), good olives,

parma ham wrapped round chunks of cold melon, radishes and quail eggs, little toasted crou spread with a creamy goat cheese.

On summer days, less is definitely more.

wholesale nfl jerseys Top…
wholesale nfl jerseys

Top management profiles:The key issue here is who are you?

Be prepared to come under close scrutiny. You will need resumes as well

as a summary of experience, qualifications and credentials for all owners and key members

of your management team. Business description:You don't need to repeat all of the information contained

in your business plan, but you do need to present a solid description of your business.

Cheap Jerseys from china Young ladies of 13 [wear]
Condoms might irritate the…
Condoms might irritate the vagina or penis.

Review my blog post: bao cao su hcm

Add new comment

This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.

3 + 0 =
Solve this simple math problem and enter the result. E.g. for 1+3, enter 4.