Support to the development of an integrated environmental sanitation strategy for the Greater Accra Metropolitan Area
The CA project is needed to start up the dialogue among GAMA municipalities on the need to address environmental sanitation in a metropolitan perspective rather than at an individual municipal jurisdiction level, as it is today. The ultimate goal is to set up a metropolitan sanitation entity that deals with cross-boundary sanitation issues to bring about efficiency gains and increase the capacity to plan, execute and manage. In addition, the CA project is needed to define the set of sanitation and water interventions to take place in low-income communities in GAMA based on strong community consultation and participation. In this context, the CA project will help: (i) conduct community, technical/social assessments of the sanitation market; and, (ii) develop a strategy for effective community engagement in the design, implementation and management of water and sanitation services. The strategy will provide the social, technical, institutional and financial approaches and identify specific interventions required for mobilizing the communities including targeting the poor and addressing the present shortfalls in water and sanitation services in the low income settlements. It is expected that the results of these activities will contribute towards increasing access to safe and affordable water and sanitation services in low income communities in GAMA, including promotion of good hygiene behavior practice. Finally, there is a need to understand what other donors and development partners working on environmental sanitation in GAMA are doing, what their priorities are, and how coordination can be more effective. Achievement of the WB and CA strategic objectives depends in large part on the actions of other donors. The CA project aims at contributing to the development of an integrated approach to sanitation in GAMA, identifying the obstacles and opportunities presented by other donors and development partners and deciding which obstacles and/or opportunities merit an investment of time and resources in the short and medium term. Following on from the international agenda on aid effectiveness (Paris Declaration, Accra Agenda for Action, Busan assessment conference), the project should also help set up a permanent space for debate and consultation between donors aiming at better articulating the definition, implementation and follow-up of their respective interventions.
The CA grant main objectives are to: 1) Promote the dialogue among the eight MMAs that constitute the GAMA 2) Understand the needs and challenges of providing sanitation and water services to low income communities in the GAMA and develop a strategy for community participation 3) Promote donor coordination around environmental sanitation in the GAMA
The main activities of the project are the consultations that will take place at three different levels: (i) at the community level to assess needs, identify feasible solutions and engage the community in the design, management and/or supervision of the facilities; (ii) at the municipal level to engage the heads of the different jurisdictions that constitute the GAMA into a dialogue conducive to integrated planning and management of environmental sanitation facilities; and (iii) at the sector level to promote coordination among government agencies and donors involved in urban and environmental sanitation. The outputs expected are: (i) the development of a strategy and guidelines to provide adequate water and sanitation services to low income areas; (ii) the definition and implementation of key first steps towards an integrated planning and management of environmental sanitation facilities among the MMAs that constitute the GAMA; and (iii) a shared strategy among key stakeholders to improve urban water and environmental sanitation services at the metropolitan level. The findings and recommendations emerging from the activities financed by the grant are expected to inform preparation of Bank and other development partner’s projects. In particular, the preparation of the Sanitation and Water Project (P119063) that will finance the expansion of water supply services (network and on-site); on-site sanitation facilities; and, wastewater and fecal sludge management, with an emphasis in low income communities in the GAMA.
Expected Impacts and Results
1) Integrated planning and management of water and environmental sanitation services for the GAMA. 2) Provision of adequate water and sanitation services to low income communities in GAMA. 3) A coordinated and harmonized approach by GoG, donors and development partners to environmental sanitation activities in GAMA.