(Grant) Facilitating Increased Access to Affordable Housing through Inclusive Market Approaches - Phase 2 (CA/CP/430/07)
? What is the context of the project The Liberia Country Program (LCP) led by Cities Alliance is a longer-term programmatic approach to addressing the specific urban development needs of greater Monrovia in a more holistic manner, while contributing towards sustainable urban development, poverty reduction and social and economic inclusion. Habitat for Humanity International’s (HFHI) contribution to the LCP focuses on facilitating systemic change and improvements to the enabling environment to address key blockages impacting on affordable housing delivery. This involves working with public, private and community sectors actors to support the enhancement to the policy environment and housing market systems for low-income households and facilitating improvements to the living conditions of vulnerable urban households. Phase 1 (year 1: 2016 to 2017) of HFHI’s involvement in the LCP was a planning and preparation phase, which focused on conducting various assessments, establishing relationships, and understanding the context to determine potential solutions to address the constraints and harness opportunities that exist in relation to facilitating slum upgrading and affordable housing in greater Monrovia. This grant proposal for Phase 2 (year 2 to 5: 2017 to 2021) focuses on the implementation of some of the potential solutions through pilot policy, market and community interventions to test their viability, sustainability and scalability. The Slum Upgrading and Affordable Housing Framework is the main output for Phase 1 and provided the foundation for the interventions that were selected for piloting in Phase 2. Phase 1 also contributed to several outcomes including building the working relationship between LCP partners and the validation and agreement among public and private sector actors, through robust engagement and dialogue, on the key constraints impacting on affordable housing delivery. The process also led to the creation of a better understanding among all stakeholders of the importance of creating an enabling environment for slum upgrading and affordable housing delivery, as well as the recognition that the delivery of appropriate housing outcomes is part of a larger housing ecosystem and dependent on a conducive land, housing and infrastructure policy environment, integrated planning, good housing markets and solutions that take into consideration contextual constraints. The Slum Upgrading and Affordable Housing Framework is intended to be the plan that other stakeholders, partners and donors can also utilize to identify and support the implementation of additional interventions. The framework was developed from the findings and results of the hazards and vulnerability assessment, the housing value chain assessment, desktop research, site visits, community-focus group discussions, interviews and roundtable consultations with public and private sector actors. Overall, the proposed policy, market and community level interventions in the Slum Upgrading and Affordable Housing Framework aim to contribute towards sustainable and resilient slum upgrading and affordable housing in greater Monrovia in partnership with public, private, community and development sectors. In the selection and implementation of interventions for Phase 2 the key challenges are related to balancing out the urgent needs around poverty alleviation and the hazardous and inadequate living conditions of the majority of residents of greater Monrovia while trying to address longer-term systematic change and improvements to the enabling environment for affordable housing delivery. For Phase 2 a select few policy, market and community level interventions from the Slum Upgrading and Affordable Housing Framework have been chosen for implementation. These interventions have been selected and prioritized based on: i) The current weak private and public sector capacity to support slum upgrading and facilitate the delivery of affordable housing; ii) Social, economic and environmental contextual challenges, including low household affordability levels, limited well-located serviced land, weak land administration system, high insecurity of tenure, lack of basic services and bulk infrastructure, slum settlements impacted by several risks and hazards, lack of access to quality construction materials and services, and limited access to finance; iii) The current limited budget which only enables only the implementation of a select few interventions; (Note: HFHI is targeting additional market systems funding and financing); iv) The potential for the base level interventions to contribute towards both systemic change at a policy and sector level and impact at a community level in improving living conditions for targeted low-income and vulnerable households and communities; and v) The ability to achieve scale should HFHI and CA be successful in attracting and leveraging additional market systems funding.
? What is the main objective of the project? • Making recommendations to improve the enabling environment for affordable housing for men and women by piloting the implementation of select policy, sector and community level interventions as potential solutions to address the identified constraints; • Facilitating the enhancement of housing market systems by working with public and private sector actors within the housing value chain on select interventions to improve the housing products and services that are available to low-income households; • Facilitating the improvement of living conditions of vulnerable urban households through supporting incremental housing, slum upgrading, increasing education and awareness of households around prevalent hazards and risks, and identifying ways to mitigate or prepare for adverse effects and affectation/impacts on their shelter and settlements. • Supporting institutional capacity building of the National Housing Authority to support incremental housing and slum upgrading; • Facilitating people, private, public partnerships and collaboration to support the implementation of proposed interventions and the scaling of viable interventions through capacity building of public and private sector institutions and channeling additional funding and support from partners and donors in a targeted manner.
1. Component Policy Level Interventions 1.1 Activity: Policy Level Interventions 1.2 Activity: Policy Level Interventions 2. Component Institutional Capacity Building 2.1 Activity: Institutional Capacity Building 3. Component Market Level Interventions 3.1 Activity: Market Level Interventions - Housing Finance Product Development 3.2 Activity: Market Level Interventions – Solicitation of Firm-led Initiatives 4. Component Community Level Interventions 4.1 Activity: Community Level Interventions 5. Component Stakeholder Consultation 5.1 Activity: Community preparation and consultation 6. Component Roundtable Discussions 6.1 Activity: Stakeholder Roundtable Discussions
Expected Impacts and Results
HFHI’s overall goal in the LCP is to contribute towards facilitating greater access to adequate & affordable housing for low-income households and contributing towards urban development and resiliency. The expected outcomes are: i) A housing policy environment that better serves the housing needs of low-income and vulnerable households; ii) A housing market system that provides increased access to housing products and services for low-income households. iii) Improved living conditions and quality of life for low-income and vulnerable urban households.