Engagement in Bangladesh - JWP EEG - Partnership Facilitation and City Diagnostics to Support Equitable Economic Growth in two Secondary Cities in Bangladesh (contract with BIGD)
As part of its Campaign Cities Initiative in Bangladesh, the JWP EEG will build on local partnerships in two Secondary Cities in Bangladesh to facilitate and inform a local dialogue with local authorities and stakeholders on how to foster equitable economic growth in the city. The JWP is therefore looking for a Non-Governmental Organisation (NGO) that will facilitate this 24-month local support initiative with the active involvement of Cities Alliance members and partners. The initiative will support the promotion of equitable access to public goods and services through focus areas adapted to the city’s specific needs and context. The NGO, validated by the Campaign Cities, will produce an Institutional Enabling Environment Report, a Local Assessment Report, and city-level, evidence based policy briefs and recommendations.
(1) Set up and facilitate the work of the City Partnership on Equitable Economic Growth in two Secondary Cities in Bangladesh in close cooperation with the respective local authorities and various local and national development partners and stakeholders; (2) Produce an Institutional Enabling Environment Report that provides a description of the political and administrative structure, functional assignments, the municipal finance framework, the criteria for municipalization and rules for public space access; (3) Produce a Local Assessment Report on key public goods/services in the selected two Secondary Cities; (4) Produce evidence-based policy briefs and recommendations to foster equitable economic growth in the selected two Secondary Cities.
The project will consist of four distinct components. Component 1: City Partnership on Equitable Economic Growth. Activities under this component will be the organisation, facilitation and documentation of three workshops in each Campaign City during the course of a 24-month period. The secondary cities will be selected by the Cities Alliance Secretariat, however, the NGOs is invited to suggest two potential secondary cities. The NGO will facilitate a kick-off workshop to start the campaign, a mid-term meeting to present outputs and a closing workshop to present policy recommendations. This City Level Partnership (CLP), which should preferably use an existing local multi-stakeholder forum, will serve as a vehicle for leading the production of evidence-based policy options. This mechanism of the CLP is expected to draw-in perspectives of different stakeholders- including representatives from the local authority, informal and formal private sector, community organisations, academia and CA members with active presence in Bangladesh, affording an opportunity to build up consent of the governed for more inclusive policies. The NGO will be responsible for all documentation of the CLP's activities and assist in prioritizing the activities to be included within the Local Assessment Report and further narrowing down options for the policy briefs. The deliverables are described below. Deliverables: • An inception report is written (providing updated project implementation schedule, methodology for facilitation, template for the Local Assessment Report and Policy briefs); • Bimonthly progress reports are submitted to the Cities Alliance Secretariat based on a provided format; • A scoping mission with the CA secretariat to the two selected Campaign cities is organised and documented; • A focal point system between the NGO and city administrations in the Campaign Cities is established and documented; • A city level partnership forum is identified in close cooperation with the respective Local Authorities to host and convene the Kick-off Workshop, City Review Workshop and Closure Workshop; • One Kick-off Workshop in each city is organised (including organisation of a workshop location and catering, see Annex V), facilitated, evaluated and fully documented by the NGO; • A shelf of priority public goods/services for the Local Assessment Report is identified through the Kick-Off Workshop; • One City Review Workshop in each city is organised (including organisation of a workshop location and catering, see Annex V), facilitated, evaluated and fully documented by the NGO; • One Closure Workshop in each city is organised (including organisation of a workshop location and catering, see Annex V), facilitated, evaluated and fully documented by the NGO; • Up to three interim missions to the cities between the workshops are undertaken by the NGO to collect data and liaise with key stakeholder’s subject of clearance by the CA secretariat; • At least three press releases on the activities are submitted to the Cities Alliance Secretariat on the CLP in each city; • At least two virtual presentations to the JWP group on the assignment are conducted; The NGO will assist in diversifying the constituency of the CLP to ensure that all interest groups including formal and informal business representation are present. Component 2: Institutional Enabling Environment Report (IEER). Activities under this component will constitute a key input to the Kick-Off workshop in each of the Campaign Cities. The IEER will be conducted for two secondary cities in Bangladesh to assess the institutional and legal framework under which local governments are empowered to plan, design, raise finances and pay for public goods over time. Hence this assessment would include: the functional assignment of powers and responsibilities over the delivery of public goods and services; the criteria for municipalisation and change management capacity; the fiscal transfer system; and the authorities with respect to regulation and provision of access to open public spaces with specific relevance to informal economic activity. In addition, the IEER will include a mapping of the political and administrative structure of the city, to provide an overview of the governance arrangement under which the city operates. The IEER is expected to highlight the macro framework conditions under which local governments and city authorities operate, and hence assist in identifying city level actions (using local budgets and available policy instruments) that lead to increasingly equitable economic growth paths. A provisional product description is provided in Annex IV. Data collection to inform the IEER will be based on official sources and complemented through selected key interviews with local and national resource persons. Deliverables: • A final data availability report against the IEER product description is submitted to the Cities Alliance Secretariat; • A presentation on initial findings of the IEER is presented at the Kick-off workshop in both cities; • IEERs Main Reports including executive summary for each city are drafted, peer reviewed by the City Administration and finalized (See Annex IV); Component 3: Local Assessment Report (LAR). Activities under this component will be the production of a diagnostic around public service access and delivery in the city. The shelf of public services and/or goods to be focused on will be selected by the CLP at the kick-off workshop, informed by the IEER and multi-stakeholder consultations within the CLP fora. Ultimately this diagnostic needs to produce a number of fact sheets providing a situation analysis and mapping of the city economy in terms of factors, systems and structures related to the provision of and access to public goods, resulting in a clearly documented evidence base. The diagnostic will, therefore, map the access conditions to public goods in the context of both the geographic access (ward or zones) as well as the relative contribution to economic output at a city level. Depending on the existing knowledge and diagnostics in each city, this assessment report can be adapted to address key knowledge gaps of the city and inform policy choices. Deliverables: • Based on the outcomes of the kick-off workshop, Terms of Reference (ToR) for the Local Assessment Report to be undertaken by the NGO are written and submitted to the Cities Alliance Secretariat; • ToR are endorsed by the focal point of each City Administration; • Data availability report on the selected public/good services in each city is drafted and submitted to the Cities Alliance Secretariat; • A draft local assessment report for each city is presented and validated at the City Review Workshop, • A local assessment report for each city is being peer reviewed by the City Administration and finalized; Component 4: Policy Recommendations. Activities under this component will be the production of city-level evidence-based policy briefs and recommendations to foster equitable economic growth in the city. These policy briefs will provide evidence-based recommendations that can potentially improve institutional performance at local levels. The recommendations will be integrated into the financial operating plan developed under the LAR. The policy briefs would either be by laws (that can be notified by the executive), legislation (requiring municipal council resolutions) or amendments to existing rules or by laws. Given the key issues, priority reform actions would address locally determined priorities that cover normative gaps in access to chosen public goods and services, using city-level realignment of revenue and subsidy instruments, as well as provision of services in situations of imperfect property rights. Example of policy briefs could include: • Amendments, notification on pricing, access to public goods, for example by laws that stipulate connection and variable charges for water, user charges for solid waste tipping by large constructions; • Investment plan for provision of facilities to girls’ schools, maternal centre with ring fenced finance; • Investment/maintenance plan for water bodies and green space preservation; • Prepare a borrowing program if fiscal capacity exists; Deliverables: • A draft format and template for the policy brief is submitted to the Cities Alliance Secretariat; • A set of initial policy recommendations are identified and documented in the City Review Workshops; • Diagnostic work in the Campaign Cities is undertaken to inform the policy briefs; • Draft Policy briefs are presented at the Closure Workshop in the two cities; • A set of policy briefs are drafted, peer reviewed and validated by the CLP and local administration. The policy brief also includes a Financial Operating Plan (FOP) of the measures that forecasts city finances based on revenues and expenditures that incorporate a O&M and Capital Investment Plan. This FOP is expected to institutionalise the process of decision making with reference to budgets that are based on local prioritization of plans subject to standard budget constraints.
Expected Impacts and Results