Upscaling the Social Tenure Domain Model (STDM) to promote Integrated and Sustainable Urban Land Use

Project Profile

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Project selected under the Innovation Programme Call for Proposals 2019:

Secure Tenure in African Cities: Micro Funds for Community Innovation



Recipient: Pamoja Trust
Grant amount: USD 50,000


Infographic: Upscaling STDM


The STDM tool is an innovative land information management system developed by UN-Habitat through the Global Land Tool Network (GLTN). It integrates formal, informal and customary land rights into a flexible, user-friendly system that is based on a global standard. Unlike previous enumeration tools that related a person’s name and address to land, STDM can relate personal identifiers, such as fingerprints, to a coordinate point inside a plot of land or dwelling. It can also be used in combination with other enumeration and planning tools. Cities Alliance supported the pilot for the STDM tool in Uganda.

The Nairobi-based NGO Pamoja Trust has been using STDM to better understand land tenure relationships and claims in Kenya. It has found STDM to be very effective in reducing conflicts over land tenure and increasing the capacity of communities to encode land information, which they can use to advocate for their rights. The current project seeks to build on STDM’s successes in Kenya by scaling up and institutionalising the tool. It will engage at three levels:



> National: Extending the conversation on responsive land policies so that government agencies will adopt the use of STDM in planning process and upgrading projects.

> County: Leveraging Mombasa County’s experiences with STDM to raise its profile and use the tool in Nairobi County. Also, Pamoja will work to institutionalise the use of STDM within the Mombasa County Government.

> Community: Expand the use of STDM as a dynamic tool for encoding land rights and advocate for tenure regularization, with an emphasis on the community of Mashimoni. The experience will provide a model for other communities interested in using STDM as a tool for planning and advocacy.

The project was selected because it seeks to upscale and institutionalise successful technology and combines
implementation at the local level with dissemination and advocacy at the county and national level.
Pamoja Trust is a non-profit organisation that seeks to promote access to land, shelter and basic services for the urban
poor. It has extensive experience with organising communities and helping them take up an active role in advocating for
their rights.