Tanzania State of the Cities Report



Approval Date
Proposal Focus
Core Focus
Secondary Cities
Country Type
Lesson Learned for Cities Alliance Members and Partners
• The country has urgent need to coordinate, update its urban databases and to ensure that decision made are based on such data • There is willingness of stakeholders to work together “Credo to credo” in urban development endeavors but there is lack of platforms. In this case the level of participation was very high whereby participation in the workshops for establishment of the report was at an average of 80% and 92% in the meetings. • There is a lot of potentiality to be uncovered when academic institutions within and outside the country work together with practitioners in central and local government to develop local strategies as was the case in this project. • The exercise was very essential capacity development tool that enabled cities stakeholders assess their lack of knowledge in various development arenas in cities. • There inadequate databases for decision making (to support R & D) in all surveyed cities as it took 2 years to collect data for TzSoCR and Data for some indicators were not captured e.g. GDP / capita per city while spatial data (maps) not gathered from all cities • All surveyed cities lacked urban development management tools as they had no evidence of having updated General Planning Scheme or Long Range Strategic Plan. • There inadequate organization of data in cities & other govt agencies as evidenced by long time spent on gathering data from within cities and municipalities • City residents are trainable and they have positive attitude towards learning & working together. • The Government at all levels they have positive attitude to make use of data to influence decision making as evidenced by Central Government directives to all Urban Local Authorities to have master plans as pre-condition for financial support • All surveyed cities have critical shortage and unsustainable funding for urban development as dependence on central government (73%), debt revenue ratio is at an average of 27%, growth in debt is at an average of 86% in 5 yrs, unsustainable sources of funds (sale of plots) and Limited financial capacity to acquire land for investment • All surveyed cities spatial structures do not support urban livelihoods and investment as limited land and infrastructure is provided for productive activities it was found that only 1.8% of land is set for industries against required standard of 10%, 2.64% is set for commercial against 5%,4.2 % is set for infrastructure against 15-20% while 1 km of road against 5 km for 1 sq km, congestion e.g. in Dar es Salaam road capacity of 15,000 cars vs current 135,000 cars


The State of Cities Report (SoCR) is an internationally established system of reporting on progress, challenges and issues faced by cities in achieving their developmental objectives. The project -- to be implemented by the nine Tanzania Cities Network (TACINE) member cities, ARU (SURP) and their stakeholders -- will establish a SoCR for Tanzania based on information obtained from the nine TACINE member cities. The SoCR is expected to contribute to City Development Strategy (CDS) -- i.e. contributing to strategic city development planning activities and enabling local economic growth and poverty reduction. At the same time, it will contribute to Slum Upgrading (SU) by providing an opportunity for information exchange on challenges and initiatives on SU and for preventing the growth of new slums across cities in Tanzania. Furthermore, the SoCR will contribute to both programmes by providing an information base on urban development challenges and opportunities. The information will be a catalyst to policy makers, government officials, politicians and the public in general and will complement national policy and progress assessment initiatives.
The main objectives of the SoCR project will be to: 1) Regularly examine and analyse the situation in Tanzania’s cities and provide a basis for formulation of policies and strategies at both central and local government levels; 2) Informing the public about factors that drive the development of their cities; and 3) Making the Tanzanian cities known to the outside world with interest in development, investments, commerce, research and other fronts. In specific terms, many other sub-objectives will be achieved by SoCR. These include to: 1) Create a baseline system for Cities upon which future progress will be monitored; 2) Provide Benchmarks of performance of cities against one another;  3) Facilitate capacity building of participating cities; 4) Provide a comprehensive assessment of the forces that drive urban change; 5) Review the impact of government policies on cities; 6) Examine the challenges facing cities as well as the opportunities.
Following the awareness-raising and consultation in the SoCR development preparatory phase, the actual development of the SoCR will be implemented in eight components. The components comprise: (i) Project Supervision, (ii) Sensitisation of SoCR project at National level, (iii) Review of historical understanding of human settlement in Tanzania and Legal Framework, (iv) Formation of thematic task forces in cities, (v) Developing guidelines for Data Collection, (vi) Capacity building of SoCR secretariats at the citys and national level, (vii) Data collection and compilation of the report, and (viii) Report dissemination.
Expected Impacts and Results
• Awareness among decision making institutions at all levels in the country that sustainable development of urban centers in Tanzanian is constrained by lack of urban management tools (like master plans), sustainable funding options and comprehensive database in cities. • There have been commitments (financial and institutional support) by central government and local authorities to ensure that all cities have urban management tools. • Capacity building programs have emerged financed by international agencies and local institutions (like UONGOZI Institute) to city decision makers. • Governments with other stakeholders are in advanced stage of preparing capacity development programme for the whole country on development of databases, management tools and sustainable funding for urban development. • Database for developing capacity building initiatives for Tanzanian Cities established • Investment done in human capacity to understand the environment facing them in execution of activities in managing urban development. • Mobilized Human Resources and Finances from Cities and Development Partners to manage the project for establishment of Tanzania State of Cities Report • Planned follow-up activity is dissemination of the report and developing capacity development programme to address issues raised from TzSoCR • Launching the TzSoCR after completion of validation currently being done by African Center for Cities(ACC)