Slum Upgrading and Land Tenure Regularization



Approval Date
Actual Completion Date
Proposal Focus
Core Focus
Secondary Cities
Country Type


For several decades poor families have illegally occupied the peripheral areas of Cali and built their houses with their own resources through incremental development. In most cases they lack property deeds. Non-formalized, de facto, tenure does not allow them to be part of the real estate market, their dwellings have no legal rights and they can be evicted at any time, with the total loss of their efforts and savings. The Slum Upgrading and Land Tenure Regularization Programme in Cali is conceived as an instrument to guarantee the constitutional right that every Colombian has to adequate housing. It aims at developing efficient, agile and flexible mechanisms for the planning and management of upgrading activities on the basis of Law 3 of 1991, which created the Housing for the Poor System, and Law 388 of 1997, which supports urban upgrading and land tenure regularization.
To regularize land tenure for 6,000 slum dwellers and to start upgrading activities, with efficient and practical instruments for the regularization of land tenure and slum upgrading with the cooperation of the Vice-Ministry of Housing, Urban Development and Water. To have an efficient municipal operational structure in Cali for the promotion and coordination of the regularization of land tenure and slum upgrading programs. To strengthen national strategy and mechanisms of cooperation among municipalities in the implementation of programs for the regularization of land tenure and slum upgrading, thus, promoting the replication and scaling up of the Programme in other municipalities.
1. Rapid assessment of slum upgrading needs in Cali and definition of criteria for priorities; 2. Rapid update of the current situation of land tenure and titling in Cali;  3. Selection of target communities through consultative/participative processes;  4. Land surveys and census;  5. Development of instruments for slum upgrading and regularization of land tenure;  6. Detailed assessment of physical and legal situation in target communities;  7. Urban and engineering upgrading designs;  8. Assistance to the community in direct negotiations, legal processes, free cessions;  9. Assistance to the families on land titling procedures;  10. Land tenure formalization in a Notary and registration in the Pubic Office of Registry;  11. Assistance in the coordination for the provision/upgrading of infrastructure and services and well as in the access to credits and subsidies for shelter improvement;  12. Assistance in formulating proposals for community social and economic development;  13. Design and initiation of slum upgrading activities and coordination of housing upgrading funded through central government subsidy programmes. 14. Monitoring and evaluation of the programme and its impact;  15. Organizing events and material to disseminate the experiences/lessons of the programme.
Expected Impacts and Results
Regularizing the tenure situation and upgrading the conditions of over 38,000 families living in informal settlements in Cali.