Preparatory Assistance Proposal for Egypt Urban Sector, Slum Upgrading and City Development Strategies



Approval Date
Actual Completion Date
Proposal Focus
Core Focus
Secondary Cities
Country Type


The Government of Egypt seeks support for its Urban Reform Agenda to address six challenges it sees to the country’s development over the next two decades: 1)population growth;  2) regional variation in poverty levels;  3)  large numbers of slum and squatter settlements;  4) poor land management policies;  5) increasing housing demand;  6) local government and fiscal decentralisation
Kick start the urban sector reform process; Build on the Alexandria example to initiate the City Development Strategy process in four other Governorates that requested CDS i.e. complete city profiles in 5-6 Governorates; Complete a full application for CDSs in 4-5 Governorates; Complete a full application for National Slum Upgrading Programme: “Slum-free Egypt”.
At the local level, an assessment using UN-Habitat’s city profiling methodology will be undertaken in each of the Governorates, focusing on five areas:  1) governance;  2) infrastructure and environment;  3) poverty and slums; 4) local economic development and gender At the national level, develop working papers for each of the six identified national challenges:  1) synthesise the findings of the local level profiles along with the working papers;  2) formulate alternative urban sector strategies for discussion with stakeholders;  3) and prepare the preferred urban sector strategy.
Expected Impacts and Results
(i) Capitalise on the competitiveness & strengthen the role of major cities & new communities as magnets of growth & new employment generation, while reaching an even development & equitable growth for Egypt’s population by 2020;  (ii) Enhance the processes, mechanisms, financial instruments & institutional structures by which government undertakes infrastructure & municipal service delivery & management, especially in informal settlements;  (iii) Identify opportunities for expanding public-private-partnerships in infrastructure, municipal service delivery & housing supply;  (iv) Contribute to the improvement of existing urban land administration, state land management & tenure regularisation by way of strengthening the regulatory, institutional and procedural/operational framework.