Mauritania: CDS and Slum Upgrading



Approval Date
Actual Completion Date
Proposal Focus
Core Focus
Secondary Cities
Country Type


The project aims to support the Mauritanian central government and the municipalities of Nouakchott and Nouadhibou, among other smaller towns of Regional Capital, to improve the living conditions especially in slums through consolidating the institutional aspects of urban and land management, consultation and institutional capacity building.
The project’s objectives are to support central and local governments in the Regional Capital of Mauritania working in partnership with communities and the private sector to: a) improve the living conditions in the main cities of Mauritania, especially in the slums of Nouakchott and Nouadhibou, through consultation and capacity building; and  b) review and consolidate the institutional framework for urban and land management and land registration.
Municipal capacity building through on-job training and attending workshops and training courses, e.g. participating in Johannesburg upgrading conference in October 2000. Elaboration of institutional guidelines and terms of reference for national coordination of urban management, cadastral survey, land registration and regularization in slum areas based upon secure tenure. National coordination duties will include supervision of the process in the Regional Capital cities, with special emphasis on slum upgrading and land regularization in Nouakchott and Nouadhibou. Technical support to the local governments of Regional Capital and to the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Development (MEAD) and the Ministry on charge of urban development, in consolidating the undergoing urban studies under one institutional umbrella. Underway projects financed by the government or its partners include:  1) Master planning and program of investment (2000-2010) in the Regional Capital; slum upgrading in Nouakchott; national urban management study;  2) cadastral and land registration project; city strategy development in Nouakchott, Nouadhibou, and Kaedi; social assessment of slum upgrading in Nouakchott and Nouadhibou;  3) action plan on resettlement; urban studies in Nouakchott and Nouadhibou (Japanese aid); business plan and manual of procedures (Commissioner for the human rights, poverty alleviation, and insertion ‘CDHLPI’) (Japanese aid);  4) pilot operation in housing improvement, micro credit and vocational training with community participation (French NGO- GRET); decentralization, redefinition of responsibilities among central and local governments, regional fund of development; and studies on environmental, tourism and fishing activities;  5) Documentation of city profiles and organization of city consultations addressing:  a) urban governance and arrangements of institutional responsibilities;  b) priority investment program in slum areas;  c) land development policies, and d) social and economic integration of vulnerable groups for poverty alleviation.
Expected Impacts and Results
(i)A scaling-up of current initiatives, undertaken by the city of Nouakchott and CDLHPI, ranging from open access roads, home employment, and micro-credit financed community housing; (ii)Increased access to land ownership, affordable housing, employment and credit.