Housing Sector Development: Making Shelter Assets Work
Ethiopia is still one of the least urbanised countries in the world, with 17 per cent of its population living in cities. It is also one of the most rapidly urbanising countries, with an annual urbanisation growth rate of 4.3 per cent that is reached mainly through a high natural growth rate (2.3 per cent) and rural-urban migration. Over 50 per cent of Ethiopians are under the age of 18. Ethiopia's population is estimated to reach 183 million in the year 2050. To redirect the concentration of migration currently flowing to the capital city Addis Ababa, government policies aim to strengthen the development of regional capitals and major towns. Even though impressive economic growth numbers were achieved during the last decade (e.g. 11% GDP 2005/6-2009/10), there is still underdevelopment in all economic sectors, and more than 27 per cent of the some 83 million Ethiopians live below the poverty line. Even though urban life offers opportunities, it often worsens the living conditions of migrants, who lose the safety network of their families and communities. Migrants are often faced with issues such as poor nutrition, sanitation and health, safety, emotional and social stress, exploitation, and unemployment.
The maintenance and development practices for housing assets are improved by enhancing tenure security and asset management capacities as well as businesses. Condominium sites are sustainable neighbourhoods.
1) National Workshops 2) International Conference 3) A Study Tour
Expected Impacts and Results
Outcome 1: Legal Framework Condominium Regime Outcome 2: Shelter Assets Maintenance Culture Outcome 3: Condominium Management Systems Outcome 4: Innovative Housing Policy Scenarios