(Grant) Support to the Development of a National Urban Agenda in Mozambique
Actual Completion Date
Strengthen the institutional capacity of the Direcção Nacional do Desenvolvimento Autárquico (DNDA/MAE) to effectively lead and promote the emerging national urban agenda. Rapid urbanisation is a fast emerging national issue in Mozambique. Stakeholders in urban management issues cut across national and local governments, civil society, the media and the private sector. Currently there is no formal urban agenda that guides stakeholders to a common strategy nor is there an effective institutionalised multi-stakeholder coordination process. The DNDA/MAE is institutionally the best positioned to coordinate multi-stakeholder efforts at addressing urban challenges. However, the DNDA has institutional, human and technical capacity constraints that hinder the ability to effectively carry out this function. In the context of fast growing and changing municipalities it is important that the DNDA is strengthened to lead the stakeholder process of developing a national urban agenda. Develop the institutional capacity of the National Association of Mozambican Municipalities (ANAMM) to effectively advocate on behalf of municipalities. Municipalities are growing at different rates and confront various challenges and opportunities in a context where there is little national policy attention to urban issues. Among the municipalities are common concerns relating to powers and functions, including issues of internal revenue collection and service delivery. While individual municipalities are indeed talking to each other, they lack a coherent process of synthesizing information and presenting such information in a form that is influential and able to reach targeted audiences, including for the process to be established to promote a national urban agenda. This series of activities aims to build the capacity of ANAMM to engage with member municipalities and to develop through consultation and research a national municipal advocacy agenda. The process includes the synthesizing, packaging and strategic dissemination of information in order to influence national policy in favor of a specific dimension of municipal governance. To initiate a national dialogue between the growing private sector and municipalities in order to identify areas of common interest and potential collaboration. Many municipalities are experiencing rapid private sector investment. These investments have considerable positive and negative impacts requiring an effective planning and service delivery response. In essence the private sector needs certain services to expand and municipal government needs capacities and resources to respond. This objective aims to kick start a dialogue that focuses on how best to bridge the gap between the capacities and needs of municipal government and the varied needs of the growing urban economy. This activity aims to initiate and lay the foundations for the institutionalisation of the dialogue with an indicator of success being whether the post initiation process is eventually financed by the stakeholders themselves. Increase the role of civil society as active partners in urban governance through public awareness of the rights and responsibilities of “urban citizenship” and the functioning of municipal governance. Within the context of the Country Programme governance is defined as the interface between citizens and government. This objective aims to strengthen organisations of the urban poor and civil society organisations with peer learning and exchange with relevant experiences in the region. The goals are to raise awareness and also to synthesize best practices for strengthening participation in urban governance in the Mozambican context. Lessons drawn shall facilitate interested organisations to a) lobby for more attention and to b) access financing of activities that support the urban poor and civil society in their role as active partners in urban governance.
The overall objective of this grant within the context of the Country Programme is to build institutional capacity at the national, municipal and community levels to effectively lead or actively participate in the emerging urban agenda in Mozambique.
1. Strengthen the institutional capacity of the Direcção Nacional do Desenvolvimento Autárquico (DNDA/MAE) to effectively lead and promote the emerging national urban agenda Activity 1.1: Institutional strengthening of the DNDA This activity envisages the establishment of a dedicated office within DNDA with the mandated responsibility of coordinating the multi-stakeholder dialogue and the development of the national urban agenda. This office will be supported through technical assistance and access to targeted training, incl. learning visits. Activity 1.2: Organisation of periodic multi-stakeholder engagements This activity envisages the convening of national and municipal governments, civil society including academia, the private sector, development partners and other identified urban champions (e.g. LVIA/Italian Coop.; Maputo/Chamanculo C/Brazilian Coop., SKL-Int´l/ICLD/Swedish Coop; PCMC/World Bank, PRODEM/Swiss, Irish, Swedish, Danish Coop, UN-Habitat, etc.) to participate in a structured dialogue that will inform the development of a national urban agenda to address urban/municipal issues. Activity 1.3: Commissioning of research in support of the development of a national urban agenda This activity aims to enable the commissioning of research as needed to be undertaken by national or regional capacities (including universities) that will enrich the multi-stakeholder discussions and inform policy and strategic direction. Under well-defined circumstances commissioning of research could include cross-visits. 2. Develop the institutional capacity of the National Association of Mozambican Municipalities (ANAMM) to effectively advocate on behalf of municipalities Activity 2.1: Learning by doing trainings within ANAMM on advocacy tools and techniques This activity enables the contracting of an advocacy specialist who will work directly with ANAMM staff to develop in-house capacities to effectively apply advocacy tools and techniques. Activity 2.2: Direct engagement with the municipalities and development of an advocacy strategy This activity is to engage municipalities in order to identify one or two key issues to be addressed. With the support of the advocacy specialist (Activ. 2.1), ANAMM will then develop and implement a specific advocacy strategy aiming at remedying (Activ. 2.3) the formerly identified problem (Activ. 2.2). Activity 2.3: Packaging and disseminating key policy recommendations and messages This activity supports the implementation of the advocacy strategy elaborated under Activ. 2.2, by transforming the key policy recommendations into clear messages to be disseminated within the appropriate audiences, including through distinct, fitting multi-media forms targeted at the diverse audiences. 3. To initiate a national dialogue between the growing private sector and municipalities in order to identify areas of common interest and potential collaboration Activity 3.1: The elaboration of two position papers This activity aims to support researching and the elaboration of two position papers. Activity 3.2: Organisation of a National Conference on municipal - private sector partnership This activity supports both (i) the background processes required to convene a national urban forum that includes representatives of multiple sectors of the private sector, municipalities and other appropriate interested parties and (ii) access to possible financiers/sponsors of the national urban forum itself. Activity 3.3: Working Group on private sector municipal relations This activity aims to support the participation of ANAMM backed up by technical assistance in a follow-on process of the national urban forum with the objective to institutionalise closer relationships between the private sector and municipal governments. 4. Increase the role of civil society as active partners in urban governance through public awareness of the rights and responsibilities of “urban citizenship” and the functioning of municipal governance Activity 4.1 Identification of and convening of civil society Albeit at a limited scale throughout Mozambique, NGOs are actively working with urban based communities on a wide range of issues including amongst other election, education, livelihoods, re-cycling and health. There is however no structure or network that coherently brings these communities together as an organised civil society. This activity will support a scoping exercise that includes a) the identification of b) outreach to and c) convening of civil society actors involved in municipal activities, including women’s interest groups. Activity 4.2 Cross-visits within the region to explore urban-based civil society initiatives This activity will support the active exposure of Mozambican civil society and other appropriate national and municipal government stakeholders to organisations of the urban poor working within Sub-Saharan Africa through cross visits to relevant countries. Activity 4.3: Develop a consensus approach to build an active citizenry and urban civil society This activity aims to support a working process that will focus the discussion of existing civil society within Mozambique as to how best to grow and build the capacity and influence of organisations of the urban poor (e. g. through a national network (Activity 4.1)). Activity 4.4: Develop a joint toolkit to leverage support and resources for the building of an active citizenry This activity aims to support dedicated organisations to lobby for increased awareness and to formulate proposals to access finance.
Expected Impacts and Results
1. Strengthen the institutional capacity of the Direcção Nacional do Desenvolvimento Autárquico (DNDA/MAE) to effectively lead and promote the emerging national urban agenda. 2. Develop the institutional capacity of The National Association of Mozambican Municipalities (ANAMM) to effectively advocate on behalf of municipalities. 3. Initiate a dialogue between the growing private sector and municipalities in order to identify areas of common interest and potential collaboration. 4. Increase the role of civil society as active partners in urban governance through public awareness of the rights and responsibilities of “urban citizenship” and the functioning of municipal governance.