(Grant) Joint Work Programme: Technical Assistance in support of Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana (HRIDAY)
? What is the context of the JWP? As far as 3,000 years ago, India’s ancient cities were planned and built applying today’s most advanced notions of “sustainable cities” or “smart growth” by concentrating densification on key transportation routes, promoting walkable compact use of land through mixed-use development, and promoting the preservation of natural and cultural resources and open spaces as a means for ensuring quality of life and social cohesion. Such sophisticated and technologically advanced knowledge of city development planning and its heritage legacy, however, are at a turning point in India. The current rural-urban transition, while slow in comparison to other parts of the world, is happening without the necessary planning, service provision, and concern for cities’ unique cultural and natural assets, which confer them with critical services and significance. As a result, Indian cities, and especially their inner “historic” areas, are becoming pockets of entrenched poverty and poor living conditions, are under pressure from chaotic construction which rarely respects their historic and socio-cultural dynamics, and are detached from the wider economic development and physical transformation taking place. To address this reality, the GoI through the Department of Economic Affairs (DEA) requested in 2011 the World Bank advisory and technical assistance to pilot new approaches and mechanisms for improving the living conditions of the urban poor in historic areas and heritage towns through improved documentation, valuation and management of city’s unique heritage assets within a city-wide development perspective. In response, the World Bank together with Cities Alliance and GoI officials and experts, a Technical Assistance Program entitled “Demonstration Program for Inclusive Heritage-based Development in India – IHCDP”. Focusing on three pilot cities of varying sizes, IHCDP tested and refined methodologies, standards and delivery systems and built up required human and institutional capacities for promoting the unique identity of cities and thus increasing their economic competitiveness while improving the living conditions of the urban poor living in historic areas. Its main results include the establishment of a National Inter-institutional Steering Committee for Heritage, comprising officials from multiple ministries, the participatory preparation of city heritage profiles and demonstration detailed project reports (DPR), the establishment and/or strengthening of Heritage Cells and the development of how-to guidelines for urban revitalization and heritage cities management. In January 2015 the MoUD launched a Heritage City Development and Augmentation Scheme (HRIDAY), bringing together city planning, service provision, local economic development and heritage management and demonstrating a paradigm shift in India’s approach to city development based on its existing assets. The Scheme supports 12 initially selected cities to prepare a Heritage Management Plan (HMP) with an inventory of heritage assets in the city and a strategy for their conservation, rehabilitation and/or adaptive reuse and development under City Development Plans, with an expanded focus on historic urban landscapes. Specifically, HRIDAY consists of the following components: a) Heritage documentation and mapping, leading to a HMP; b) Urban revitalization linked to service provision; c) City information/knowledge management and skill development. The proposed JWP aims to support the institutionalization of the tested IHCDP approaches and tools at central, state and city levels through the HRIDAY scheme. ? What are the key issues to be addressed? The lessons learned under the IHCDP highlight the following key issues, to be addressed under the proposed programme: • Uncoordinated governance and public financing of urban revitalization: o Institutional overlap at approach, departmental and financial levels, resulting in multiple procedures and flows of funds for investments implementation and management, and complex or non-existent project monitoring at city level o A lack of necessary regulatory, financial and governance frameworks at state level for the incorporation of heritage in city development planning • Low awareness amongst city officials and residents of the value of heritage assets, especially from a service delivery (ie., housing value, ancient water and flood control systems, etc.) and local economic development perspective • Inadequate capacity of city officials to value and manage heritage integrated into city development: o A lack of continuous support to city officials in design, implementation and O&M of area-based heritage interventions o Weak existing heritage management guidelines, which often do not address the area-based and multi-sectoral nature of heritage-based investments o Limited capacities for supplying states/cities with human resources, given contracting/regulatory constraints in India • Lack of engagement of private stakeholders in heritage management and conservation: o The absence of instruments and incentives for private businesses and owners to engage in heritage management constrains asset conservation, given that the majority of assets in cities tend to be owned privately
The objective of this program in support of HRIDAY is to strengthen institutional capacity of cities to undertake governance reforms, planning and programmes implementation to achieve the goal of sustainable and inclusive cities, with specific focus on integrated city development planning and urban revitalization.
Component 1: Policy Mainstreaming and Knowledge Management Activity 1.1: Review of IHCDP guidelines tailored to HRIDAY and of modules for urban revitalization integrated in city planning and development, and preparation of guidelines for heritage management plans and detailed project report. Activity 1.2: Organization of a national workshop on urban revitalization to be used as a platform for sharing the lessons learned and experiences from the IHCDP in tandem with the launching of this TA. Activity 1.3: Sensitization, exposure visits and training workshops for public officials and city managers at state and regional levels. Activity 1.4: International field visit for public officials and state/city managers for first hand exposure to good practices in urban revitalization. Component 2: Technical Assistance and Capacity Support to States Activity 2.1: Setting up State Heritage Cells. Activity 2.2: Selecting and implanting of interns in the State Heritage Cells. Activity 2.3: Coordinating multi-department and multi-stakeholder participation and coordination. Activity 2.4: Review of state-level regulatory and institutional framework for urban revitalization. Component 3: Technical Assistance and Advisory Support to Cities. Activity 3.1: Setting up/strengthening Heritage Committees within urban local bodies. Activity 3.2: Coordinating multi-department and multi-stakeholder participation and collaboration. Activity 3.3: Knowledge support for preparing city profiles and heritage management plans. Activity 3.4: Develop criteria for selection of pilot projects. Activity 3.5: Technical oversight for preparation of Detailed Project Reports (DPRs) by urban institutions/consultancy firms. Activity 3.6: Technical oversight of project implementation. Activity 3.7: Information, Education and Communication (IEC). Component 4: Program Management. Activity 4.1: Implementing the Scheme, monitoring its progress and quality control of activities funded by the Scheme, and Advisory support to MoUD’s Empowered Committee (decision-making body) and Technical Committee (advisory body) and technical support to states and cities.
Expected Impacts and Results
• An improved national policy framework for urban revitalization • Strengthened systems and management capacities at city, state and national levels for urban revitalization linked to poverty reduction, with a focus on the Ministry of Urban Development (MoUD), which plays a nodal role in planning and infrastructure provision in Indian cities • Institutionalization of tested approaches, systems and institutional arrangements for valuing urban heritage assets and delivering adequate services in heritage cities and historic areas in the 10 states of the 12 selected HRIDAY cities • Mechanisms to engage citizens in urban revitalization planning and decision making processes established