(Grant) Foundation Phase - Vietnam National Urban Development Strategy (NUDS)



Approval Date
Proposal Focus
Core Focus
Secondary Cities
Country Type


The Vietnamese MOC concluded that it was necessary to formulate a National Urban Development Strategy (NUDS) as a central instrument to manage and to guide urban development in partnership with both provincial and local levels and to provide a basis for mobilising resources for the effective further development of the national urban system. During the extended period needed for MOC to mobilize the complete funding, it was decided by MOC to accelerate the process though a two step approach. As proposed herein, the first, foundation, phase using to the full the initially earmarked USD 300,000 is designed to serve as the foundation for the subsequent comprehensive NUDS formulation.
The overall objective of the National Urban Development Strategy (NUDS) is to contribute towards major advances in the equity and effectiveness of urban development, and in the process to reduce urban poverty and generally raise the living conditions of all citizens throughout the towns and cities of Vietnam. This will entail the further development of the generalised policy statements within the National Urban Development Programme (NUDP) into evidence-based guidelines working through the provinces to the local urban levels, and employing a fully integrated, multi-sectoral planning approach. The specific project objectives are: - to gain a comprehensive analytical overview of the legal and associated policy framework governing urban development with a focus on assessments of selected priority areas; - to prepare an evidence-based, updated assessment of the current status of urban development in Vietnam employing a multi-sectoral, collaborative survey and enquiry programme in a fully representative selection of cities; - to examine global experience of national urban development policies and strategies in order to identify lessons for Vietnam from actual implemented practice; - to create awareness of the NUDS rationale and process through pilot training and exchanges among city leaders, targeting Mayors and Deputy Mayors; - to identify the starting point and develop the framework for the follow-up support phase, building on the synthesis of the emerging project results.
Activities 1.1 Identify the scope of the urban legal/policy framework and assess overall coherence as a multi-sectoral regulatory and promotional system. 1.1.1 Assemble a fully comprehensive annotated inventory of all relevant legal and policy documentation, currently in force or planned, and covering as priorities the items under the responsibilities of MOC, MPI, MONRE, MOF, MOHA and MARD, with related policy and orientations. 1.1.2 Examine as a contextual exercise the framework coherence in terms of consistencies, topicality, overlaps and gaps. Review previous proposals for a consolidated Urban Law. 1.2 Undertake specific assessments 1.2.1 Development policies and programmes: Review the national urban system master plan, Decision 445/2009, the National Urban Upgrading Programme, Decision 758/2009, and the National Urban Development Programme, Decision1659/2012, in terms of compatibilities and practice. 1.2.2 Urban classification system: As a primary focus pre-identifiedfor the project, carry out an in-depth analysis of the methodological basis, the performance, inputs and impacts of Decree 42/209, including opinion surveys on problems and ideas for reform. 1.2.3 Urban planning and national housing strategy Carry out an examination of the Urban Planning Law, 2010, and the National Housing Strategy, 2011, with reference to the levels of understanding at city levels and implementation experience. Review studies /publications/ project documents covering the case for considering regulatory/policy amendments, such as the VUR, projects piloting the CDS approach, Vietnam Housing Sector Profile, NUUP assessments and papers from recent conferences, and taking account of the National Green Growth Strategy and the need to mainstream climate change resilience within urban planning and development. 2.1 Prepare situation analysis of the urban knowledge process 2.1. 1 Review the current and planned work on urban indicators jointly by UNHAB and MOC, the GSO and UNFPA products (census and specific urban publications), the urban data systems being developed within UDA and elsewhere. Investigate the scale and priorities for the tasks in updating and improving data collection and reliability at the city level - within the framework of the ongoing indicator development, taking account of the need to advance the achievements of similar initiatives, such as the city profiles under the Urban Observatory Project. 2.2 Plan and undertake survey work and studies 2.2.1 Determines scope, methodology and sampling technique for an integrated approach, covering a wide range of socio-economic, physical and institutional indicators and building on the cost-effective, participatory city-wide mapping process developed by ACVN for the CDF network. 2.2.2 Implements survey work by sector in close collaboration with the targeted cities, selected as representative of each region and city class and related supporting studies. 2.2.3 Following fieldwork completion, incorporate within the analysis and findings an outline of identified capacities for all aspects of data management at the city level and propose an outline for training and institutional development. 2. 3 Assess the country-wide status of urban development 2.3.1 Carry out an overview based on the extrapolated survey results in conjunction with the findings on the legal /policy framework, taking account of the specific function as a foundation for the Phase II full NUDS preparation and implementation 2.3.2 In receipt of feedback, develop the overview into an assessment of the current status in each of the six regions by sectors. 2.4 Engage with stakeholders, and develop collaborative conclusions/recommendations 2.4.1 Consolidate all findings, taking into account also the legal/policy outputs under Result 1, organize a fully participatory workshop. Prepare advance workshop briefing. 2.4.2 Taking account of the workshop outcome, finalise the interim report and develop the mode of presentation and report structure. 3.1 Prepare an overview, analysis, and evaluation of recent national urban development strategies and policies in both developing and developed countries, including those with transitional economies. 3.1.1. Identify sources within and external to Vietnam that include examples of up-to-date comparative analyses in this field, not necessarily directly related to Vietnam but contributing to decisions on search and investigative methodology and case selection criteria. 3.1.2 Based on the agreed overall scope of work, methodology and final case selection, undertake the analytical process, sharing preliminary findings with a select group of experts, including those from the donor community. 3.1.3 Taking account of the participatory feedback, refine the results and develop the mode of presentation and report structure. 3.1.4 .Incorporate comments from the project management as preparation for final submissions. 4.1 AMCC assess needs and develop curricula in close collaboration with UDA 4.1.1 Review related urban leadership training external to AMCC and the results of the AMCC pilot training and training of trainers for mayors and deputy mayors. 4.1.2 Develop the NUDS training approach, identifying participant numbers and priorities among classes of cities. Prepare documentation on course content and structure, reflecting work on the NUDS components as the projects proceeds. 4.2 Run pilot NUDS courses managed by AMCC 4.2.1 Examine options for arranging two courses as extensions to the newly established AMCC programme for city leaders. Select participants with distribution across cities. 4.2.2 Implement training, with participant and project /AMCC evaluations after each course and arrange inputs from project staff and project consultants with feedback on the project from participants. 4.2.3 Explore opportunities for incorporating the NUDS modules within the regular AMCC programme 5.1 Establish the framework for Phase II 5.1.1 Identify fresh challenges and opportunities met during project implementation 5.1.2 Formulate as initial proposals, the set of NUDS broad strategic objectives, incorporating material assembled during Phase I, 5.1.3 Develops NUDS detailed outline 5.2 Examine the emerging and projected impacts, the connections with related urban strategic initiatives and the evolving position on the Phase II funding options. 5.2.1 Engage closely during project implementation with the ongoing work of the RBNUDP-NM and related projects with alongside further developing the relationships with donor country urban strategies. 5.2.2 Assess project performance, as a foundation for the transition to phase II, with particular reference to ongoing negotiations with selected donors. 5.3 Engage with stakeholders, and develop collaborative conclusions/recommendations 2.3.1 Consolidate all findings and,organise a fully participatory workshop. Prepare advance workshop briefing. 2.3.2 Taking account of the workshop outcome, finalise the interim report and develop the mode of presentation and report structure.
Expected Impacts and Results
A productive consolidation of the legal/policy framework will have supported urban local authorities in gaining a more flexible set of instruments for formulating and managing local development strategies. Through integrating modifications within the classification system considerable benefits will have been obtained in use as a vehicle for addressing climate change and additional quality of life issues such as affordable housing. This comprehensive analytical examination of other countries’ experiences will have produced significant benefits, in terms of a better and more informed preparation of NUDS. In addition, through ready access to the findings, a wide range of senior officials and experts will have gone through an international learning experience. As the ultimate NUDS beneficiaries, urban citizens through their better informed leaders will have received higher quality service, Approximately 60 course participants will have directly benefited. . The project itself will have received the advantage of feedback from those at the key local levels in order to influence focus and relevance during project implementation. Transparent documentation will have been made available in a timely manner as a reliable tool for UDA to confidently plan ahead with its donor agency partners for NUDS continuity.