(Contract) Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) of Liberia Country Programme
Environment and Social Impact Assessment
Environment and Social Impact Assessment
Functional Responsibilities Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) The Consultant shall prepare and present to the Cities Alliance Secretariat an Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) including all necessary additional documentation which may be required to satisfy specific Government of Liberia safeguard policies which may be triggered by the planned Programme activities in the 12 local government authorities which make up greater Monrovia (2016-2021). Under the ESIA process a socio-economic monitoring framework to cover the entire project area would be prepared which may include issues, should they be addressed by the Programme, of involuntary resettlement, land acquisition and losses of property and livelihoods covering both settlement and metropolitan wide impacts and risks. The ESIA shall be prepared in a level of detail specific enough for incorporation into the governance of potential community small construction works as well as related policy and planning documentation (i.e. City Development Strategy), to allow these activities to be adequately safeguarded. The ultimate aim is to foster on the ground implementation of effective measures during the project execution and operational phases. Scope of Work The Consultant will design appropriate measures to avoid, mitigate, offset or compensate such impacts where possible and provide instruments for their implementation in form of environmental and social management and monitoring plans. This study includes all necessary assessments relating to potentially triggered safeguard policies from the Programme’s activities. The Consultant shall be responsible for carrying out all necessary preparatory studies, field work, research and investigations (including the generation of new field data, as deemed necessary or appropriate) to compile the information required for the report. This includes the preparation of designs and tender documents for community infrastructure and slum upgrading projects and the monitoring of subcontracted activities under the Programme. Initial Social and Environmental Screening Report The Consultant shall assess the environmental and social impacts in accordance with Liberian environmental laws and regulations, with international good practice, as well as the World Bank Safeguard Policies (available on the World Bank external web site) in Liberia. These may be supplemented by similar policies and practices required by other International Financing Institutions (IFIs), such as the African Development Bank, and development partners active in Liberia such as USAID. During the initial phase of the environmental and social assessment the Consultant will – in consultation with the Cities Alliance Secretariat - confirm which Safeguard Policies are triggered and include the appropriate documentation into the project deliverables. The purpose of an initial screening of the current environmental and social situation is to gain an overall understanding of the local baseline situation and the Programme and its supported projects current and potential future social and environmental impacts and provide an overview of the range and depth of issues to be subsequently studied in detail under the ESIA. This overview will set the focus for further studies, data collection or other resources that will be required for the conduct of the ESIA. A preliminary stakeholder analysis will be conducted, indicating possible specialized interests and conflicts. The consultant will meet with representatives of the key stakeholders to review the findings of the preliminary assessment and receive feedback on any issues they feel are missing. Based on this stakeholder assessment, the Consultant will recommend the main channels and issues that are needed to engage in effective communication with these groups. The report prepared during this initial assessment will: Review and recognize past environmental/social performance and liabilities/risks Elaborate a preliminary inventory of environmental and social impacts of the Programme’s activities regarding to community infrastructure and housing in greater Monrovia In this initial phase all possible safeguards related impacts shall be identified and quantified as far as possible, albeit for some costs in terms of order of magnitude, for inclusion in the project cost estimate. The long term and irreversible impacts and those which cannot be mitigated shall be identified and analyzed as a priority. The environmental screening will encompass direct and indirect impacts of the project. The scope of the screening will extend beyond the project site to upstream and downstream impacts. The social screening will review land policy, land cadastre and other official documents, verify the population census, take stock of the land use in a screening manner, discuss with local authorities and community leaders the likely scale of socioeconomic impacts for communities potentially impacted by the Programme. ESIA Report The ESIA will build on results from the screening environmental and social screenings, but the level of detail and risk analysis shall be higher. The ESIA will be developed for greater Monrovia and shall contain a detailed identification of the base-line situation and of expected impacts of the proposed project. The ESIA shall include both a Mitigation Plan and a Monitoring Plan. Activities for both environmental and social aspects shall run in parallel and be synchronized with particular reference to integration of environmental and social measures that may affect the design and/or costs of project activities. A proposed structure for the ESIA is outlined below: Executive Summary and Conclusions Policy, Legal and Administrative Framework - Discuss the policy, legal and administrative framework and requirements (e.g. Government of Liberia, World Bank, relevant international environmental agreements, etc) as well as detailed stakeholder mapping. Programme Description – describe the proposed programme and related projects and include the following information as relevant: location; general layout; size, capacity, etc; preconstruction activities; project / construction history, construction activities; schedule, staffing and support; facilities and services; operations; required off-site investments; and life span. Note: this is not an exhaustive list. Baseline Data – assemble, evaluate and present baseline data on the relevant environmental characteristics of the study area including the physical, environmental, cultural property and socio-economic conditions. Any changes anticipated before the Programme commences should also be identified. Environmental Impacts – determine and quantify where possible the significant positive and negative impacts, direct and indirect impacts, and immediate and long term impacts associated with the Programme’s activities. Identify those that are unavoidable or irreversible. Identify mitigation measures and explore opportunities for environmental enhancement. Characterize the extent and quality of available data. Social Impacts – determine and quantify where possible the significant positive and negative impacts, direct and indirect impacts, and immediate and long term impacts associated with the Programme’s activities. Identify those that are unavoidable or irreversible. Identify mitigation measures and explore opportunities for environmental enhancement. Characterize the extent and quality of available data. Analysis of Risk and Programmtic Alternatives – Systematically compare feasible alternatives. The comparative analysis should address (and quantify where possible): the environmental impacts; the feasibility of impact mitigation; capital and recurrent costs; the suitability of options under local conditions; related institutional, training and monitoring requirements. State the basis for selecting the proposed design, including the minimization of risk. Instrumentation and Monitoring Framework – This will include a set of clear, measurable indicators to analyze the impact that the Programme will have on the communities. The indicators will differ over the Programme cycle (short and long term) as well as for different groups (impacts on resettlers different from hosts etc.). The framework will also indicate the time-frame where the indicator is relevant, the methodology to collect information for the indicator, the primary informants and the relative weight of the indicator. This framework will have a heavy focus on qualitative methods and indicators to contextualize quantitative data, thereby reflecting the mix of methods recommended for monitoring. There should be clarity on the institutional responsibilities for M&E with a balanced use of Government and civil society represented in the responsibility matrix.
Expected Impacts and Results
Liberia Country Programme