Collaborative Nairobi Initiative on Slum Upgrading Policy Frameworks



Approval Date
Actual Completion Date
Proposal Focus
Core Focus
Secondary Cities
Country Type


The Government of Kenya, grassroots organizations, and the international networks of federations of slum dwellers and support NGOs have taken a number of steps in recent years to tackle problems that mushroomed during years of deterioration and lack of action. For the first time, the potential to address these challenges is emerging. The government has indicated its desire to revisit a number of essential policy areas, including decentralization, service delivery and slums.
The objective is to create the conditions that can sustain long term citywide slum upgrading in Nairobi. The approach will also focus on the need to improve collaboration among international development cooperation agencies in Kenya.
1. Inception Phase: March - July 2001 Preparation of Nairobi Situation Analysis Establishment of Consultative Working Groups Preparation and Debate on Position Papers Nairobi Forum on Slum Upgrading 2. Preparation Phase: August - March 2002 Nairobi Slum Mapping (Physical) Nairobi Slum Mapping (Social) Policy Formulation (Land, Shelter, and Local Governance) Institutional Reform (NISCC Review) Nairobi Protocol (Agreement on Policy Reform and Pilot Project Implementation) 3. Implementation Phase: April 2002 - December 2003 4. Replication Phase: January 2004 - December 2005
Expected Impacts and Results
1) Success in translating political will into policy reforms and institutional arrangements that secure tenure and shelter necessary to break through the impasses of prior slum upgrading initiatives;  2) Sustained commitment of stakeholders (NGOs, private sector, grassroots, public sector, donors) through four phases of Initiative;  3) Commitment by stakeholders that the urban poor participate effectively in all stages of Initiative;  4) Agreements on policy reforms that secure tenure for urban poor, promote affordable shelter, and introduce procedures for participatory urban governance;  5) Agreements on institutional arrangements for citywide slum upgrading that facilitate decision-making among diverse stakeholders, replete with statutory regulations and sound systems of monitoring and governance;  6) Agreements on arrangements for the implementation of upgrading projects in select slums that demonstrate how best to apply policy reforms and institutional arrangements;  7) Improved working relationships between organized groups of the urban poor and government at all levels; and between formal private sector and informal, small-scale entrepreneurs;  8) Improved levels of donor coordination and increased engagement and fundamental policy and institutional changes;  9) Improved levels of commitment and support by international agencies, involved and willing to consider long-term assistance to support citywide slum upgrading.