Brazil - National Urban Development Policy: Support to the National Program for Land Tenure Regularization and Socio-Environmental Risk Prevention in Precarious Settlements
Actual Completion Date
Lesson Learned for Cities Alliance Members and Partners
The National Networks of Land Tenure Regularization and Risk Prevention in Precarious Settlements meant a great step forward by providing internet-based opportunities for exchanging information, and then contributing to the inclusion of these issues in urban development policy agenda. Experience has identified lack of institutional capacity as a major obstacle for risk prevention and sustainable land tenure regularization actions, even when resources from national government are available. The use of the distance learning method contributed to achieving a greater impact from the training program. In Brazil, the success of the distance learning courses on land tenure regularization and risk prevention, led to the development of a similar Distance Learning Course on Slum Upgrading.
Although Brazil has over 20 years of experience in urban upgrading programmes for precarious settlements developed by municipalities, States and the Federal Government itself, it is not yet ready to respond with the necessary actions on land tenure regularisation and risk prevention. This proposal aims to develop and promote a planning methodology and instruments to encourage action at the municipal level for land tenure regularisation and risk mitigation as part of the National Programme of Upgrading, Regularisation and Integration of Informal Settlements.
1) Structure and implement a national network on land tenure regularisation and risk prevention in precarious settlements to establish a space for public discussion and preparation of proposals for intervention; 2) Develop methodologies and strategies for risk prevention and land tenure regularisation, focused on local government representatives and community leaders, through stages of conception, preparation and practical implementation and evaluation of manuals and training courses; 3) Develop a methodology for the planning of the structural interventions for risk prevention in areas of municipal jurisdiction.
1) Formation of a National Network of Land Tenure Regularisation and Risk Prevention in Precarious Settlements, which will consider and revise federal legislation on land planning and regularisation; 2) Based on past experiences of capacity building, establish a set of regional institutions for training local stakeholders on land tenure regularisation and risk assessment and prevention; 3) Building upon the training activities, design municipal risk mitigation plans, to be piloted in five municipalities.
Expected Impacts and Results
The consolidation of the actions of “prevention and mitigation of risks in precarious settlements” and “sustainable land tenure regularisation”, included in the Minsitry of Cities’ Urban Programme for Regularisation and Integration of Precarious Settlements is expected to result in: 1) the inclusion of land tenure regularisation and risk prevention in municipal policies of urban development; 2) the development of planning activities for risk reduction; reduction of irregular land tenure and of risk; 3) a system for monitoring and evaluating actions of risk prevention and sustainable land tenure regularisation.