Transformation of Mumbai into a World Class City - Phase III
Mumbai Metropolitan Region (MMR) extends over an area of 4, 355 sq. km. and comprises of 8 municipal corporations, 9 municipal councils, 17 municipal urban centers and over 900 villages. MMR has a population of about 26 million. Attracted by its fast growing economy, by 2052, its population is projected to grow to over 45 million with a working population of over 20 million. Mumbai, with 12.5 million population within the 437 sq. km area of Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai (MCGM) limits at present, is India’s dominant business and financial capital. With the continued population expansion, erosion of industrial base, deficit of infrastructure, stretched services, unplanned migration, huge informal sector, poor environmental management and traffic congestion, there has been decline in the quality of life and deceleration in the economic growth. Moreover, due to high cost of real estate and lack of affordable housing, approximately 45% of the MMR population lives in slums and pavements. The slum population in the MCGM is as high as 60 %. During Phase I and II of the "Transformation of Mumbai into a World Class City," Cities Alliance supported the establishment of the Mumbai Transformation Support Unit (MTSU) to provide support for developing and implementing a strategy to Transform Mumbai into a World Class City.
The activity objectives of Phase III support to the MTSU for Mumbai transformation is to further develop public consensus and / or technical details needed to implement the reforms and investments identified under the Mumbai Transformation Process towards the development of the Mumbai Metropolitan Region (MMR) as a world- class Metropolis with a vibrant economy and a high standard of living for all citizens.
(1) Metropolitan Governance: • Identification of options for workable institutional arrangements to reinforce and articulate the existing structure. (2) Planning: • Review of the Concept Plan for MMR (2011) prepared by MTSU with the help of global consultancy firm M/s. Surbana International Consultants, identification of technical and environmental challenges associated with the long term development scenarios, and advise the Government on specific detailed studies to be carried out, including terms of reference, for efficient evaluation of land reclamation proposals; • Options for Institutional Models for reform of Development Control Regulations (DCR); • Appropriate institutional models for Slum Free Mumbai and Urban Renewal; and (3) Consultation and Communication: • Strengthening the role of MTSU as a platform for – (i) the dissemination of studies, plans and policies relevant to the development of MMR; (ii) the organization of consultations with active participation of broad stakeholders in designing actions towards the shared vision; and (iii) communication on the evolving issues under discussion and consensus achieved
Expected Impacts and Results
The long-term impact of the transformation will be to create a world-class city, with success to be measured through increased economic growth, improved quality of life, including for eligible pavement and sum dwellers, increased participation of citizens and civic society in the transformation process and increased productive investments. As Mumbai is one of the largest cities in the country, any positive changes that occur are expected to breed success in other cities, positively impacting the urban fabric of the country and the region.