Preparatory Proposal Fiji Islands, Samoa and Papua New Guinea Pacific Urban Agenda CDS/Settlements Upgrading Strategies
Actual Completion Date
During an October 2007 workshop dedicated to the development of the Regional Action Plan, recognition was given to the important role a Cities Alliance-supported CDS and Settlements Upgrading Strategy could play to support Pacific Island Countries (PICs) in implementing their committments to operationalise the Pacific Urban Agenda. The proposal focuses on 3 major components which cumulatively reflect the Regional Action Framework priorities agreed by PICs: 1) The preparation of Rapid Urban Sector Profiles, CDS visions and Settlement Upgrading Strategies; 2) National Urban Sector Profiles, with Urban Sector Strategies mainstreamed into Pacific NSDSs to leverage much needed infrastructural investment for the urban sector; 3) Regional capacity-building, documentation, knowledge management and information sharing to support improved integration of urban management programmes, policies and legislative frameworks into National Sustainable Development Strategies, the Pacific Plan and the country programmes of bilateral and multilateral development partners. Out of many interested key PICs, three partner countries were selected: Fiji Islands, Papua New Guinea, and Samoa
The objective of the proposed preparatory activity is to prepare detailed grant proposals for submission to Cities Alliance for developing "City Development Strategies" (CDS) and 'City without Slums' settlement upgrading proposals in 2-3 cities and towns in the Fiji Islands, Papua New Guinea, and Samoa. The proposals will be prepared in partnership with key stakeholders including local and central government, local partners such as NGOs, CBOs, local leaders, local government associations and the private sector. The proposed initiative will also directly support implementation of the Pacific Urban Agenda and draft regional action framework by developing, operationalising and documenting the CDS and 'City without Slums' settlement upgrading approaches in the 3 PICs, by including a knowledge management component in each proposal; or in a (small) complementary proposal to support the Pacific Islanders Forum Secretariat/Secretariat of the Pacific Community regional knowledge management, capacity-development and policy dialogue role mandated by the Forum Leaders. This will facilitate the ultimate mainstreaming of the CDS/Cities without Slums country approaches and experiences regionally, thus, maximising implementation opportunities of the Pacific Urban Agenda.
In developing the three grant proposals to the Cities Alliance, the methodology and sequencing of activities will focus on: (i) dialogue and consultations with local and central government agencies, Local Government Associations, private sector, local partners and community stakeholders such as NGOs on the key issues to be addressed with regard to urban development in the 3 selected PICS; (ii) developing an overview of the key urban development issues such as access to land, housing, squatter settlements and availability of infrastructure at the village, town, city and national level in the 3 PICs including lessons learnt from any earlier development initiatives; (iii) status of public urban investment proposals, the existing priorities such as sectoral investments by development banks, funding options and phasing; (iv) agreeing with stakeholders on the priority towns and cities to be targeted in each of the 3 PICs, including the rationale for city-town selection; (v) dialogue and consultation with development agencies and donors such as the ADB, World Bank AusAID, NZAid, EU and regional agencies such as the PIFS and SPC in order to better coordinate sector and overall country programme activities and build collaborative development-orientated partnerships for the agreed towns and cites in the 3 PICs; (vi) agreeing the project implementation modalities best suited to maximise local ownership and build local capacities; (vii) developing the three (or four) grant proposals for Cities Alliance funding for the City Development Strategies and 'Cities without Slums' upgrading proposals for the agreed towns and cities in the 3 PICS (and the necessary suitable regional support), and (viii) drafting the necessary TORs including the process by which to implement the above. The above activities are expected to start in the second half of 2008, and be completed some 3 – 4 months later.
Expected Impacts and Results
1) Engage as a team the stakeholders who have a direct role and interest in improving the condition of urban development at all levels; 2) Commencement of the preparation process will help map out a clear way forward for reinvigorating key towns and cities with an emphasis on urban development issues to be pursued in the proposal, resulting in increased awareness among all stakeholders on the priority of urban issues to be resolved as well as broad consensus on strategies and directions for national and citywide development. 3) Strengthen a better understanding and appreciation of the need for greater public investment in PIC urban areas. The interrelationships between strengthening governance and reducing hardship through improved shelter, access to customary land and infrastructure should be clearer. 4) Loan programming and sector strategies of donors and multilaterals working in partnership with PICs will be mapped and harmonised, with agencies exposed to the CDS/Cities without Slums process. This will provide a potentially more systematic approach to dealing with PIC urban development issues at the country level, as well as regionally via the involvement of the lead regional actors, the Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat (PIFS) and Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC). All of the above should assist PICs in being better prepared and focused in targeting and phasing multilateral funding for urban investment projects. It may also result in the CDS process being more permanently institutionalised in the assessment process for urban sector investment by of donors and multilaterals