Poverty-Focused City Development Strategy for the Metropolitan Region of Belo Horizonte (MRBH), Brazil

Project

At-a-Glance

Approval Date
Proposal Focus
1471
Core Focus
Secondary Cities
Country Type
Brazil
Lesson Learned for Cities Alliance Members and Partners
Participation and Involvement The Project has promoted the dialogue and action amongst a variety of agents, comprising state, local government, civil society and academics with a participatory and democratic process. New dialogue and action fronts demanded the multiplication of the activities and responsibilities, in a more intense way than it was initially foreseen, mainly in the cooperation with state and local bodies and in the mobilization of the participants in the events, a process much more enriching for all involved. The involvement of different State bodies was crucial for the governmental actions demanded by the municipalities involved be leveraged and to make available the necessary financial sustainability to the actions foreseen in the regional Plan. Metropolitan awareness with the collective perception (from the public, academic and private agents) of the common problems and the need for shared solutions is a clear gain of the Project.

Detail

Summary
The Metropolitan Region of Belo Horizonte (MRBH) currently comprises 34 municipalities with a total population of approximately 4.5 million. Recognising the need for better metropolitan governance, the municipalities have formed a Metropolitan Pact aiming to build a consensus-based strategy to stimulate the development of the region by identifying and implementing investments and activities. This project aims to provide technical and operational support to the commission responsible for formalising the main strategic directives and identify main investment priorities as well as necessary resources to advance metropolitan governance mechanism. The project intends to utilise City Development Strategy (CDS) as a tool that would define the development path for these municipalities for implementation of metropolitan plan.
Objectives
P104536 Poverty-Focused City Development Strategy for the Metropolitan Region of Belo Horizonte (MRBH), Brazil Project Summary: The Metropolitan Region of Belo Horizonte (MRBH) currently comprises 34 municipalities with a total population of approximately 4.5 million. Recognising the need for better metropolitan governance, the municipalities have formed a Metropolitan Pact aiming to build a consensus-based strategy to stimulate the development of the region by identifying and implementing investments and activities. This project aims to provide technical and operational support to the commission responsible for formalising the main strategic directives and identify main investment priorities as well as necessary resources to advance metropolitan governance mechanism. The project intends to utilise City Development Strategy (CDS) as a tool that would define the development path for these municipalities for implementation of metropolitan plan. Objectives: The overall objective of the project is to implement institutional and cooperative mechanisms for the MRBH to enhance its economic development and reduce poverty, in close partnership between the State Government of Minas Gerais, the municipalities of MRBH and the main stakeholders such as the organizations representing the poor, the private sector, other public sector agencies, academia and civil society. More specifically project aims to: 1)Define a development agenda that involves the stakeholders, identifies priority actions to include the poor and identifies poverty reduction and sustainable development programmes; 2) Identify investments, in land, housing and infrastructure, outlined in a five-year Capital Investment Program (CIP); 3) Define and implement the institutional arrangements for the participatory management of the Metropolitan Pact; 4) Provide technical and financial support to the preparation and/or review of local Master Plans. Activities: 1) Gathering information on the MRBH and preparing a participatory diagnosis; 2) Building a strategic vision; 3) Identifying project priorities and implementation plans; 4) Developing a management model for the Metropolitan Plan. Outputs: Booklet with the results of the participatory diagnosis and recommendation of priority actions for the 16 municipalities to be included in the Multi-year Budget Plan of the State Government. These recommendations were presented in a national event held in Belo Horizonte at the end of the project, in which it was announced the launching of the preparation of the Metropolitan Plan. Participatory diagnosis done by UMFG, PUC Minas and IPPUR. The diagnosis of the 16 municipalities located in the northern area of the MRBH were developed from technical studies, interviews with public managers of the three spheres of government, and a participatory process which included working meetings that counted with the active participation of municipal and state government staff (decision making and technical levels), researchers and civil society agents. The working meetings were divided in thematic and geographic discussion. The participatory process was coordinated by the State government team supported by the three institutions. Its results provided technical and methodological references for the preparation of the Metropolitan Plan. Reports delivered by Federal University of Minas Gerais: 1) Detailed Work Plan 2) Preliminary Report on policy and instrument analysis of the local master plans of the Northern Vector 3) Preliminary Report on information consolidation about the study area and the analysis of the initiatives relevant to the revenue generation in a solid an cooperative way 4) Result report of the participative diagnosis 5) Report of the priority identification activity follow up 6) Priority Identification Report 7) Report I – Assessment of possibility of inter-municipal arrangements and Report II- Management capability and institutional arrangement related to the implementation of the local master plans Reports delivered by Catholic University of Minas Gerais: Final report with analysis of the set of 16 municipalities of the Northern Vector of MRBH, for each of the following local management areas (1) housing 2) vulnerability situation of youth and criminality 3) Institutional capability for management Reports delivered by the Institute of Research and Regional Urban Planning 1) Detailed Work Plan 2) Preliminary documents of general input for macro diagnosis and the analysis of the local public fund 3) Preliminary report of macro diagnosis 4) Follow up report including reports on participation of IPPUR in the thematic and regional workshops promoted by SEDRU 5) Consolidation report of participatory diagnosis 6) Report of the Capital Investment Plan 7) Proposal of project follow-up model and the consolidation of previous products Expected Impacts and Results: In the decades of 1980 and 1990, the metropolitan administration was virtually absent in MRBH. This project helped implementation of an institutional and cooperative mechanism that included Metropolitan Council, the Metropolitan Advisory Board and the Metropolitan Agency. Two instruments of the metropolitan management include Metropolitan Development Fund (MDF) and the Integrated Development Master Plan (IDMP). SEDRU led the elaboration of the Integrated Development Master Plan for the whole metropolitan area of Belo Horizonte, which involves 34 municipalities. The IDMP financing in 2009 and 2010 would be done with resources from the Metropolitan Development Fund, which has resources over 1.8 million. The Fund consists of contributions from the state and local treasury of MRBH. SEDRU created the Fund Coordinator Group which will be responsible for management of resources. The resources for the year 2009 were mobilized by means of the creation of a budget window of the state and six municipality of MRBH. Northern Vector Project served as a forum for the involvement of the MRBH Northern Vector Municipalities. Throughout the development period of the project there were 25 public events, bringing together over 1900 participants. The realization of Northern Vector Project and influence area of North Road Circuit had direct impact on the mobilization of the society. The participatory process enabled development of a methodology that was further implemented in the preparation of the IDMP.
Activities
1) Gathering information on the MRBH and preparing a participatory diagnosis; 2) Building a strategic vision; 3) Identifying project priorities and implementation plans; 4) Developing a management model for the Metropolitan Plan.
Expected Impacts and Results
In the decades of 1980 and 1990, the metropolitan administration was virtually absent in MRBH. This project helped implementation of an institutional and cooperative mechanism that included Metropolitan Council, the Metropolitan Advisory Board and the Metropolitan Agency. Two instruments of the metropolitan management include Metropolitan Development Fund (MDF) and the Integrated Development Master Plan (IDMP). SEDRU led the elaboration of the Integrated Development Master Plan for the whole metropolitan area of Belo Horizonte, which involves 34 municipalities. The IDMP financing in 2009 and 2010 would be done with resources from the Metropolitan Development Fund, which has resources over 1.8 million. The Fund consists of contributions from the state and local treasury of MRBH. SEDRU created the Fund Coordinator Group which will be responsible for management of resources. The resources for the year 2009 were mobilized by means of the creation of a budget window of the state and six municipality of MRBH. Northern Vector Project served as a forum for the involvement of the MRBH Northern Vector Municipalities. Throughout the development period of the project there were 25 public events, bringing together over 1900 participants. The realization of Northern Vector Project and influence area of North Road Circuit had direct impact on the mobilization of the society. The participatory process enabled development of a methodology that was further implemented in the preparation of the IDMP.