Philippines Traffic and Transport Management for CDS Cities
Lesson Learned for Cities Alliance Members and Partners
Participation: At the onset, it is important to build a strong foundation with the city project teams. Establishing good rapport with them will help manage some communication challenges along the way. Partnership: Critical to partnership is the support of the implementing organization and the technical consultant to each other. Good partnership would mean clarity of instructions cascaded to the city teams, which in turn produce and deliver revenant data and information to move the project forward. Scaling-up: Scaling up is an indication of success during the initial roll out. Critical to this are the reviews and feedback of the participating cities. It is also important to assess the current capacity, the resources and commitment of concerned parties in the scaling up. Moreover, the design for scaling up should generate interest from the target cities. It should be something of relevant and practical to cities. Financial sustainability: To ensure funding is sufficient for the entire duration of the project, the design of the proposal should be vetted by concerned parties in terms of implementability. Moreover, understanding the political context and organizational environment of the implementing organization are also seen as decisive and critical factors for effective and efficient management of the project. Anticipation of potential challenges should already factor in the design of the proposal.
The Philippines is one of the fastest urbanising countries in the world, with more than 60% of its population living in urban areas. In 1998, the City Development Strategies (CDS) project was piloted by the World Bank for seven (7) cities to help them address the growing urban problems through a planning approach that integrates various local development plans into a single strategic action plan formulated jointly by the City government and local stakeholders. Since then, 62 cities in the Philippines have participated in the programme through succeeding projects implemented by the League of Cities of the Philippines (LCP), with the support of the Cities Alliance and the Japanese Government. Among the strategic concerns noted in the CDS programme is transport planning and traffic management in the urbanising cities in the Philippines. The results of a 2007 survey in 105 cities in the Philippines indicate that cities increasingly consider transport issues a priority concern, given the need to integrate transport planning and traffic management in the formulation of local development and investment plans. The proposal is for technical assistance that will facilitate the development of transport and traffic management plans for the selected CDS cities that will support urbanisation and economic development; address the current and expected demand for more efficient transport systems; and enhance the institutional and technical capacities of cities and their staff to formulate and implement sustainable transport and traffic management plans.
1.) Enable cities to prepare and implement sustainable transport plans and traffic management plans that support the development of local economies through improved mobility of goods and services and address the current and projected demand of urbanisation for efficient transport systems. 2.) Develop the capability of cities and stakeholders to formulate, implement and sustain transport plans and traffic management plans that consider and complement the development thrusts of adjacent localities given that most local economies are interrelated. 3.) Develop a practical approach for transport and traffic management planning for replication in other cities and municipalities
Phase 1: The preparatory phase involves the selection of the pilot cities following a set of criteria which could include the capability and the commitment to provide counterpart contributions, and strategic and spatial considerations, among others. Phase 2: Inclusion and participation are seen as necessary features to promote support for the project, validate project findings and ensure effective implementation. Phase 2 is meant to ensure the active involvement of stakeholders in the project. Phase 3: Involves the assessment of the transport and traffic conditions in the pilot cities. Phase 4: The formulation phase covers the formulation of the transport and traffic management plans of the final set of pilot cities. Phase 5: The implementation phase will be based on the Detailed Implementation Plan formulated earlier and will largely involve the presentation of the concerned outputs to stakeholders to enjoin support and facilitate public information, and to the city government for approval, adoption and implementation. Phase 6: Project evaluation will be undertaken within six (6) months after the implementation phase to assess the implementation of the transport and the traffic management plans, identify gaps and good practices, and recommend measures that will enhance operational viability. Phase 7: The replication phase involves developing the capacity of the League of Cities of the Philippines to reproduce and implement the project in other cities.
Expected Impacts and Results
The primary project outcome is the promotion of growth and economic development in the pilot cities and its adjacent localities by enhancing the mobility of goods and services and access to markets through improved traffic conditions and transportation systems. The project resulted into development of the institutional and technical capacity of the pilot cities in transport planning and traffic management. The City Project Teams (CPT) better appreciates the emerging call to action towards sustainable transport. Transport planning was perceived to be too technical for city officials. With the project, CPTs appreciate the value of the planning process and collaboration in managing local traffic and transport issues. Investment mobilized: The learning and experiences from this project can be a springboard for LCP to package more advanced and relevant project proposals intended as follow through support to participating cities. LCP can open this to other interested cities. LCP can plan for a workshop inviting key cities to discuss the design of the follow up support. The proposals will be presented to development partners for possible assistance (grant or co-funding). Planned follow-up activities: o With the replication strategy as reference, the project staff will design a short term transition or bridging program o Design and conduct a mini workshop inviting selected CPT members, PAC members, concerned national government agencies and development partners to design a follow up activity (bridging and full blown assistance) o Design a city mentoring program that will involve the CPTs from the pilot cities o Conduct survey to assess interest of other cities o Explore how to mainstream the project outputs into the knowledge management system of the League