National Programme for Slum Improvement and Slum Upgrading in Senegal's Cities - "Senegalese Cities Without Slums"



Approval Date
Actual Completion Date
Proposal Focus
Core Focus
Secondary Cities
Country Type


Senegal is experiencing an unprecedented urban growth. A rapid rate of migration towards urban centers, mainly to the metropolis of Dakar, has resulted into proliferation and densification of slum areas. Building on its slum upgrading efforts to date, the Senegalese government, together with the Association of Mayors, seeks Cities Alliance support to develop a national “Villes sans Bidonvilles (Cities Without Slums)’’ Programme. The project aims to develop a 10-year action plan to upgrade existing slums and prevent the development of new slums. The objective is to improve conditions in human settlements in Senegal within the framework of the national campaign for secure residential and property tenure and urban governance.
The specific objectives are: Develop a national “Villes sans Bidonvilles” programme, with provisions for monitoring and evaluation; Identify opportunities to mobilise public and private investments; Strengthen the capacity of the Ministère de l’urbanisme et de l’aménagement du territoire (MUAT), the “Droit à la Ville” Foundation, and communities for slum upgrading; Set up an Urban Development Observatory in Senegal to evaluate the programme, with regard to meeting the MDGs; Document and disseminate through the Senegalese Urban Forum, the experiences and lessons learned by the cities and national government.
Analyse the slum phenomenon in Senegal since 1980 (mapping, practice and policy analysis, lessons learned on secure tenure, evaluation of results to date); Develop the strategies for the ‘’Villes sans Bidonvilles’’ programme; and an action plan for its implementation (methodology, regulatory measures, actors, institutionalisation); Mobilise local, national and international financial resources for implementation.
Expected Impacts and Results
The diagnostic and analytic reports has resulted in a more in-depth knowledge of the urban phenomenon (history, trends, current status, mapping), at least among authorities responsible for the design and implementation of the project. The project helped in creating awareness on the evolution of slums (e.g., factors relating to rural-urban migration) and the economic and social impact of the slums on local, regional and national frameworks and strategies.