Integrated Urban Database (Ethiopia)
Urban centres in Ethiopia are defined as human settlements with a minimum population of 2,000 persons, of which 50 per cent of the working population is engaged in non-agricultural activities. Further, all statutory towns with an administration and service functions are classified as "urban." The country's urban population is currently estimated at 12 million, which is 17 per cent of the total population. Ethiopia has a high rate of urbanisation estimated at 4.3 per cent, the highest in sub-Saharan Africa. Accurate data and its proper use will enable local governments and policy makers at different levels design appropriate policies and strategies, monitor their implementation, evaluate their impact, and review their development framework and implementation tools. Making available integrated urban information on many aspects of public service delivery at the local government level will improve transparency and accountability of municipalities, facilitate investment and enhance public engagement. However, the absence of reliable urban-related information and database is preventing decision makers and service providers alike from predicting trends and concomitantly, from providing for such changes and developments.
The major objective is to develop a national strategy for the establishment of an integrated urban information database and a system for collecting, organising and making available up-to-date and accurate information on urban development at the city, regional and federal government levels. Specific objectives include: 1) Identify information gaps and develop indicators that will allow comparison of performances across different sectors and urban centres; programme/project implementation; monitor the level of development from Regional and Federal perspectives; 2) Establish baseline data for performance monitoring at city and regional levels; 3) Establish a comprehensive urban database at the Federal level; 4) Establish a system for collecting, organisng and making available appropriate information to monitor trends in growth, outcomes and evaluate impacts; 5) Develop a communication strategy for dissemination of data to key stakeholders; 6) Develop and establish tools for evaluating the impact of national urban initiatives in order to gain knowledge that will make a valuable contribution towards effective development and implementation of national policies, strategies and programmes; 7) Integrate the use of Internet and ICT for data exchange and availing information; and 8) Establish a strong foundation for a sustainable system to ensure continuous use.
The project will have two major components: 1) Creating an Integrated Urban Database at city, regional and federal levels which will include a number of activities involving collection of primary data through household surveys, socio-economic surveys, land market assessments, infrastructure assessment, citizens' report cards and other research instruments that provide a) useful data and b) insight into the impact of and ways forward for development of policies, strategies and programmes. 2) Developing and establishing tools for evaluating the impact of national urban initiatives in order to gain knowledge (learn lessons) that contributes to effective development and implementation of national policies, strategies and programmes.
Expected Impacts and Results
Key outcomes: 1) Provide local governments with the necessary tools to initiate process of City Development Strategy and localising MDGs to effectively engage in slum improvement and poverty reduction interventions; 2) Better understanding to the challenges of urbanisation; 3) Enhanced capacity of different levels of governments to monitor the outcome of policies and programmes; 4) Enhanced transparency through availability and accessibility of relevant information to the public on municipal websites; etc.