Greater Lome Urban Development Strategy
Lesson Learned for Cities Alliance Members and Partners
Cities Alliance members learnt more about the need to align their actions. This was evidenced when World Bank made reference to the CDS Greater Lomé when it was considering additional financing for the Emergency Infrastructure Rehabilitation and Maintenance Project in Togo (PURISE). However, the most significant engagement for the project came from the French Cooperation (Agence Française de Développement) which provided significant finance support and a valuable technical assistance to the CDS initiative. Challenges in meeting project deadlines Though the project delays are considered very moderate, management unit highlighted the difficulties they faced in abiding by the schedule of the project activities despite all good wills. This needs to be factored in future project planning. Political Support The project benefited from significant political support from cabinet ministers and top civil servants of the central Government who, in many occasions, chaired and participated in all major events of the project (Seminars, workshops, etc.).
The project is a participatory initiative toward an urban development strategy for the Greater Lomé area. The initiative intends to be focusing on: (i) The assessment of emerging urban issues such as the state of urban infrastructure, urban mobility, lack of basic social services, land-related issues, the environment, solid household waste management, storm water drainage, water and electricity services, and the provision of urban housing; (ii) The development of a framework that will serve as an economic, social, environmental, and spatial reference for developing the Greater Lomé urban area within a 20-year time horizon.
The project main objective is to establish a technical and financial partnership between Cities Alliance and the institutional development stakeholders of Greater Lomé (City of Lomé and surrounding cantons) in order to formulate and implement the urban development strategy in alignment with the goals of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP).
The project main activities will entail the following: 1. Setting-up of the Steering Committee and the Technical Unit; 2. Development of a communication plan to support the various stages of the urban development strategy preparation process; 3. Detailed participatory assessment incorporating the urban economic profile: (i) description of the economy-base of the Greater Lomé urban area; (ii) identification of the major urban issues and bottlenecks, through the collection of data, surveys, and group discussions; (iii) analysis of the institutional framework and identification of partners; and (iii) inventory and assessment of urban planning policies, urban management initiatives, etc., (iv) feedback/validation; 4. Conduct of thematic studies: economic and social development outlook, institutional and technical capacities of the stakeholders, local economy and finance, alternative concepts of centers and poles of development, urban mobility, major infrastructure, spatial development and land management, urban environment, flood control, and sustainable management of household solid waste; 5. Participatory formulation and validation of the Greater Lomé Urban Development Strategy, using the urban economic profile approach; 6. Operationalization of the strategy : development of a short and medium-term action plan; the financial evaluation of the planned actions; the plan to finance the strategy (resource mobilization plan) – alignment with the PRSP, the MDGs and the current investment programs; 7. Dissemination in two stages of the finalized Greater Lomé Urban Development Strategy: (i) at the national level, especially among high-level decision-makers (feedback seminar in Lomé to confirm the relevance of the strategy and the plan of actions); and (ii) among the main development partners of Togo in order to not only confirm the relevance of the approach, but also to seek their support for the mobilization of resources necessary to implement the strategy;
Expected Impacts and Results
It is anticipated that the proposed activity will improve the general context within which the urban economy of the Greater Lomé area operates. Expected impacts are as follows: 1. Improvement of the institutional framework for the Greater Lomé urban area vis-à-vis national challenges of urban poverty reduction; 2. Clarification of the roles and missions of the various city development stakeholders; 3. Strengthening of the role of local development stakeholders and improved knowledge of the participatory management tools by decentralized entities; 4. Better targeted investments in urban areas and increased number of jobs creation; 5. Better understanding of the needs of vulnerable groups (intervention framework for reducing urban poverty and achieving the MDGs); 6. Rational allocation of local resources (financial, technical, and human resources) necessary to maintain and/or operate urban infrastructure; 7. Identification and deeper knowledge of the challenges of the Greater Lomé urban area and proposals for corrective measures through an action plan; 8. Strengthening of institutional and community capacities in terms of municipal projects management, decision-making process, improvement in local governance, etc.