(Grant) Supporting the Implementation of the Urban Burkina Faso Country Programme (Phase I)
Burkina Faso is a landlocked country of approximately 16.5 million people located at the centre of the West Africa sub-region, with 6 neighbouring countries and a total area of 274,200 km2. The urbanisation rate, despite being relatively low (22.7%), is growing fast and is expected to reach 35% by 2025. In fact, the current economic and social environment, the rural exodus and the administrative framework favour the urbanisation process, particularly in the secondary cities. Ouagadougou, the capital city with a population of 1,500,000, and Bobo-Dioulasso with 600,000 inhabitants are the country’s two main urban centres. With respect to access to urban services, Burkina Faso is lagging behind many African countries. In 2009, only 13.9% of the population have access to electricity, 2.3% to sewage network, 19% to formal waste collection and 65.2% to potable water. It is reported that 59.5% of the urban population are slum dwellers. Between 2000 and 2009 the country experienced an average economic annual growth rate of 5%.
The main objective of the Project is to support the implementation of the Urban Country Programme for Burkina Faso (UCPB) led by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Development (MHU), on all related technical, administrative and financial aspects of the Programme. The UCPB has two main goals: to harmonise international cooperation’s support to the urban sector and promote the dialogue among national stakeholders; both these goals contribute to the actual implementation of the National Housing and Urban Development Policy approved in 2008. UN-Habitat will strategically help establishing synergies between the UCPB and the international community work in urban development, and at the same time provide its global expertise in this area to support key institutions which will help facilitating the national dialogue.
1. Support for urban planning instruments, strategies and capacity development. • Organisation of workshops on the implementation of planning and governance tools in five UCPB cities; these workshops will aim at identifying, analysing and harmonising existing urban planning tools and strategies, and therefore defining specific activities to support each municipality in their implementation (activity led by AMBF in coordination with MHU, and with the support of the French Cooperation). • Developing simplified training tools and delivering trainings for trainers to enable a better understanding and implementation of urban planning tools (activity led by AMBF in coordination with MHU, with the support of the French Cooperation and UN-Habitat). • Provision of specific support for developing and/or harmonising existing urban planning tools and strategies in the five UCPB cites/towns; provision of specific support to these municipalities to mobilise resources for investment projects included in the urban plans/strategies (activity led by AMBF with the support of the French Cooperation). 2. Support for civil society and community-based organisations • Support the mainstreaming of civil society interventions in the urban sector at the national level (activity led by Laboratoire Citoyenneté and SDI). • Identification, mobilisation, empowerment and training of CSOs involved in urban-related issues in the five UCPB cities/towns (activity led by Laboratoire Citoyenneté and SDI). • Within the framework of existing urban development plans, organisation of participatory planning sessions at the level of one informal neighbourhood/slum area in each city/town concerned by the Programme; these neighbourhood plans will include the prioritisation and technical design of specific slum upgrading activities (activity led by the Municipalities with the support of the decentralised cooperation, Laboratoire Citoyennetés, SDI and UN-Habitat). • Implementation of the identified priority slum upgrading activities in the selected slum areas (activity led by the Municipalities with the support of decentralised cooperation, Laboratoire Citoyennetés and SDI). 3. Programme management • Support the establishment of a Coordination Unit of the UCPB at the MHU which will be responsible for organising and facilitating the whole implementation of the programme. • Preparation in a consultative and collaborative manner of 8 Agreements of Cooperation for carrying out the different Components of the UCPB with the following Implementing Partners (IPs): AMBF, Laboratoire Citoyennetés, SDI and the 5 concerned municipalities (Bobo-Dioulasso, Dédougou, Dori, Ouagadougou and Tenkodogo). • Disbursement of instalments to the IPs, monitoring and technical support to the different activities. • Preparation of UCPB annual work plans. • Regular narrative and financial reporting to the Cities Alliance.
Expected Impacts and Results
1. The Ministry of Housing and Urban Development (MHU) has progressively acquired the capacity to lead and coordinate the UCPB efficiently and effectively, with aim at promoting the implementation of the National Housing and Urban Development Policy through the mobilisation of the different stakeholders dealing with the urban development issues, in particular: key government Ministries, bilateral and multilateral development partners, civil society organisations and the academic and private sectors. 2. Existing planning and urban governance instruments in Ouagadougou and Bobo-Dioulasso have been harmonised and their implementation supported, while the planning capacity of Dédougou, Dori and Tenkodogo has been reinforced, especially thanks to the pro-active role of the Association of Municipalities of Burkina Faso (AMBF). 3. The ability of civil society and community based organisations to engage more firmly in the urban debate and to contribute in the improvement of the lives of the urban poor in the municipalities of Bobo-Dioulasso, Dédougou, Dori, Ouagadougou and Tenkodogo has been strengthened, thanks to the leading role of Laboratoire Citoyennetés with the support of Slum Dwellers International (SDI). 4. Concrete slum upgrading interventions determined through a participatory planning approach and improving the lives of at least 100,000 slum dwellers have been carried out by the municipalities of Bobo-Dioulasso, Dédougou, Dori, Ouagadougou and Tenkodogo with the support of the decentralised cooperation.