(Grant) Supporting the implementation of the Burkina Faso Country Programme (Phase II)
? Project context The first phase of the Urban Country Programme for Burkina Faso (UCPB) was implemented by the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat) in full partnership with the Ministry of Urban Development and Housing (MUH) in 2014 and 2015. The UCPB has two main objectives: ? To harmonise the support provided by the international cooperation involved in the urban sector; achieving a greater synergy of the different actions carried out by the bi/multilateral partners in this sector with the aim of increasing the impact and reinforcing the role of urbanisation in the national development agenda; ? To promote the dialogue among all the national stakeholders involved in the urbanisation process, i.e. national government, local authorities and civil society in particular; in particular,to strengthen the institutional capacity of the local authorities for urban management and fully engage civil society organisations and urban communities. The first phase was subject to a mid-term evaluation whose recommendations were taken into account to formulate this project proposal for implementing the second phase of the programme. UN-Habitat role is to work as the main facilitator of the UCPB by providing technical assistance to MUH, leader of the programme, and to all the different implementing partners. ? Key issues to be addressed The main achievements/outputs of Phase 1 of the UCPB can be summarised as follows, as per the programme components under UN-Habitat’s responsibility: ? Under Component 2: “Supporting the implementation of urban plans and capacity development for urban planning and management” (led by the Municipal Association of Municipalities of Burkina Faso - AMBF): o A series of workshops organised in the five cities/towns concerned by the UCPB, namely in: Tenkodogo (October 2014), Dori (February 2015), Bobo-Dioulasso (March 2015), Dédougou (April 2015) and Ouagadougou (August 2015), targeting municipal technicians, local elected leaders, local governmet officials and representatives of civil service organisations with aim to prepare a participatory diagnostic of existing urban plans and municipal development plans and to find ways for harmonising them and for their effective implementation; o A roadmap to improve the management of public spaces in Bobo-Dioulasso; o A simplified tool for urban planning and management disseminated to the urban municipalities. ? Under Component 3: “Supporting civil society and community-based organisations” (led by Laboratoire Citoyennetés - LC): o A database of all the civil society organisations (CSOs) working in the five cities/towns targeted by the programme; o A training needs’ assessment of these CSOs which, with the support of Slum Dwellers International (SDI), resulted in the implementation of training activities and inter-country experience sharing among slum dwellers; o Posters, radio and TV programmes to raise awareness and disseminate best practices in urban areas targeting community-based organisations (CBOs) and local CSOs; o Participation of the CSOs in the different municipal forums and the national urban forum, and establishment of mechanisms of cooperation, discussion and coordination among them in each city/town concerned by the UCPB, including in terms of dialogue with the municipal authorities. ? Under Component 5: “Programme management” (led by MUH with the technical and managerial support of UN-Habitat) o Organisation, coordination and supervision of all the activities planned under the different agreements of cooperation with AMBF, LC, SDI and four out of five municipalities (Ouagadougou excluded); o Regular reporting to the Cities Alliance Secretariat, support to the Programme Steering Committee and monitoring missions. Based on the recommendations of the mid-term evaluation and on the inputs received from the different implementing partners in Phase 1, the following key issues need to be addressed during the second phase of the UCPB, presented below as per the five Components of the programme: ? Under Component 1: “Supporting the establishment of a National Urban Forum and south-south cooperation” (led by MUH with the technical support of UN-Habitat): o Ensure a follow-up on the outcomes of the munipal forums and of the first National Urban Forum, which have mobilised all the stakeholders at the different levels, in redefining the urban development agenda of the country; in particular, this should result into the review of the National Urban Development and Housing Policy (approved in 2007) and into the establishment of greater coordination mechanisms among the different initiatives and activities promoted by the government, the municipalities and the bi/multilateral partners working on urban issues in Burkina Faso; o Identify relevant initiatives in other African countries for promoting south-south cooperation and exchange of experiences. ? Under Component 2: “Supporting the implementation of urban plans and capacity development for urban planning and management” (led by AMBF): o Support the cities concerned by the programme in harmonising, understanding and disseminating their existing urban plans and municipal development plans and in getting them implemented. A lot of capacity building and awareness raising activities are required at the local level for this purpose, as well as the introduction of simplified urban planning and management approaches (e.g. Municipal Charter), including from a legal perspective. This would increase the number of opportunities for resource mobilisation, including from bi/multilateral cooperation partners. o In particular, there is a need for strengthening municipal coordination mechanisms among the different local stakeholders for facilitating urban planning discussion and implementation, monitoring and evaluation. ? Under Component 3: “Supporting civil society and community-based organisations” (led by LC): o Obtain a greater involvement of CSOs and CBOs in urban development/management issues in the targeted cities through: (i) awareness-raising and information sharing; (ii) the establishment and support of neighbourhood development committees (NDCs) for mainstreaming participatory planning and implementation of pilot projects; (iii) local training and capacity building; (iv) the implementation of pilot slum upgrading projects through community involvement; (v) participation to local and national urban forums. o Through the CSOs and the CBOs, the aim is to strengthen the self-organisation capabilities of the slum dwellers to improve the physical conditions of their neighbourhood, increase their income and re-affirm their citizenship. ? Under Component 4: “Supporting the establishment of an urban database” (led by MUH with the technical support of UN-Habitat): This component during Phase 1 has suffered some delays in the production of the first State of the Burkina Faso Cities Report and the establishment of a common database at the central level regarding urban development issues; both activities need to be strongly supported as they constitute a primary condition for the development of improved urban policies in Burkina Faso. ? Under Component 5: “Programme management” (led by MUH with the technical and managerial support of UN-Habitat) o There is a need for establishing more efficient monitoring mechanisms in each UCPB city at the local level and reinforce coordination among the programme implementing partners at the central level; o It also seems that the Consultative and Monitoring Committee (CMC) meant to include all bi/multilateral cooperation partners involved in the urban sector in Burkina Faso has not been effectively functioning during Phase 1; it would be important to effectively start this consultative mechanism during Phase 2, as it could allow establishing synergies between the different on-going programmes and projects, and also opening up to resource mobilisation opportunities for the continuation of the programme. ? Project justification Burkina Faso is a landlocked country of approximately 16.5 million people located at the centre of western Africa, with six neighbouring countries and a total area of 274,200 km2. The urbanisation rate, despite being relatively low (around 23%), is growing fast and is expected to reach 35% by 2025. In fact, the current economic and social environment, the rural exodus and the administrative framework favour the urbanisation process. With respect to access to urban basic services, Burkina Faso is still lagging behind many African countries. Despite the recent period of political instability of the country, linked to its democratisation process, the first phase of this complex and ambitious urban country programme went relatively well, which justifies the need to start the second phase and establish stronger foundations for its sustainability in the longer run. In this new phase, UN-Habitat would continue its technical advisory role to MUH in the overall coordination and management of the UCPB (Component 5) as well as in Components 1 and 4, and specifically provide technical, administrative and financial support to different implementing partners involved in Components 2 and 3. UN-Habitat’s active involvement in the programme implementation is an added-value considering the agency’s international experience on the targeted topics. ? Link of the Project with the Country Programme The Project aims at continuing the implementation of different planned actions under the UCPB which have started in Phase 1. In particular, Phase 2 should be used to obtain a greater involvement of the five targeted cities/towns in the implementation of the programme, especially through the reinforcement of their planning implementation capacity (through AMBF – component 2) and the execution of the identified pilot projects meant to improve the conditions in the selected informal neighbourhoods (through LC - Component 3).
The main objective of the Project is to support the implementation of the Urban Country Programme for Burkina Faso led by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Development (MHU), on all related technical, administrative and financial aspects of the Programme. The UCPB has two main goals: to harmonise international cooperation’s support to the urban sector and promote the dialogue among national stakeholders.
Activities for which UN-Habitat will provide technical, administrative and financial support Under Component 5 of the UCPB (programme management) • Support the Coordination Unit of the UCPB at the MUH which is responsible for organising and facilitating the whole programme implementation, monitoring the activities, provide technical support to the implementing partners, organising the Programme Steering Committee (PSC) and the Consultative and Monitoring Committee (CMC) meetings, etc. • Preparation in a consultative and collaborative manner of two Agreements of Cooperation for implementing the 2nd phase of the UCPB with AMBF (for Component 2) and LC (for Component 3). • Organisation of quarterly technical coordination meetings between AMBF, LC, MUH and UN-Habitat in Ouagadougou. • Support the establishment and functioning of local coordination and monitoring committees in each UCPB city at the municipal level. • Disbursement of instalments to AMBF and LC, monitoring and technical support to the different activities. • Consolidation and preparation of UCPB annual work plans. • Preparation of regular narrative and financial reporting to the Cities Alliance Secretariat. Under Component 2 of the UCPB (urban planning and management instruments and capacity development) – Led by AMBF • Capitalising on planning practices in the 5 cities to facilitate the elaboration and implementation of urban plans in all the urban municipalities of Burkina Faso. • Production of a simplified planning tool for the understanding, completion/harmonisation and implementation of urban plans and municipal development plans. • Delivery of a training and awareness raising session for the incoming municipal teams from the 5 cities. Under Component 3 of the UCPB (supporting civil society and community-based organisations) – Led by LC • Provision of technical support, establishment and strengthening of neighbourhood development committees (NDCs) to support the planning, design, monitoring and implementation of pilot slum upgrading projects in Bobo-Dioulasso, Dédougou, Dori and Tenkodogo city/town. • Strengthen the coordination and collaboration among local stakeholders to establish synergies of actions at the municipal level. • Training of the NDCs, CBOs and CSOs in urban management and maintenance of basic services/infrastructure in informal areas. • Based on the selected priority slum upgrading projects resulting from the participatory planning process, support the implementation and management of these projects, including the assignment of responsibilities at the neighbourhood level. Activities for which UN-Habitat will provide only technical support Under Component 1 of the UCPB (National Urban Forum and South-South cooperation) – Led by MUH • Support in the organisation of the second edition of the National Urban Forum (NUF) in Bobo-Dioulasso by end of 2016. • Outcomes of the second NUF serve to launch the process of revising the National Urban Development and Housing Policy (NUDHP) approved in 2007 and to take stock of the status of coordination among the different initiatives and activities promoted by the government, the municipalities and the bi/multilateral partners for urban development, as agreed during thefirst NUF. • Identify relevant initiatives in other African countries for promoting south-south cooperation and exchange of experiences (NB: these exchanges will be facilitated by the Cities Alliance Secretariat through funds to be mobilised). Under Component 4 of the UCPB (Supporting the establishment of an urban database) – Led by MUH • Existing urban data are shared with aim to establish a national urban observatory. • Preparation of the State of Burkina Faso Cities report.
Expected Impacts and Results
According to the above-defined objective, UN-Habitat role is to provide efficient technical and administrative support to the management and implementation of the second phase of UCPB. Specifically, by the end of the project, the following five project outcomes are expected: 1. MUH has further strengthened and consolidated its capacity to lead and coordinate urban related issues at the national level, and conditions are established to revisit and improve the existing National Housing and Urban Development Policy approved in 2007 based on the lessons learned from the implementation of the UCPB. 2. Thanks to the catalytic effect of the UCPB, the level of collaboration among the different stakeholders involved in the implementation of the urban development agenda of Burkina Faso (namely: the concerned central and local government authorities, bilateral and multilateral development partners, civil society organisations and the academic and private sectors) is strengthened and positive synergies between the different projects and programmes are established. 3. The degree of implementation of urban plans and municipal development plans in the five cities involved in the programme (namely: Ouagadougou, Bobo-Dioulasso, Dédougou, Dori and Tenkodogo) has increased, especially thanks to the pro-active role of AMBF, adequate capacitity building and awareness raising, and increased coordination of/collaboration among the different stakeholders at the local level. 4. The ability of CSOs and CBOs to engage more actively in the urban debate and to contribute to the improvement of the lives of the urban poor in the municipalities concerned by the programme is strengthened, thanks to the leading role of Laboratoire Citoyennetés (LC), the implementation of awareness-raising and capacity building activities, the establishment of neighbourhood development committees (NDCs) and the participation to local and national urban forums. 5. The implementation of slum upgrading pilot projects (which have been identified during Phase 1 through participatory planning approach) with the support of LC have improved the lives of at least 100,000 slum dwellers living in Bobo-Dioulasso, Dédougou, Dori, Ouagadougou and Tenkodogo.