Cities as Guarantors of Stability: Scaling-Up of Strategic Development and Investment Planning in the West Bank and Gaza Territories
West Bank and Gaza Territories
The Palestinian Territories have been witnessing major social, economic, and environmental challenges in addition to the constraints imposed by the political context. These challenges -- increased urbanisation levels, high unemployment rates, limited control over natural resources and land, and severe transport and movement restrictions -- impact the daily lives of Palestinians. As most of these challenges are faced at the local level, it is necessary to make the local government units (LGUs) key actors in addressing these issues/challenges since they are the closest to the population and directly accountable to their citizens. This proposed cooperation project will focus on scaling-up and linking locally prepared "Strategic Development and Investment Planning for Palestinian Cities and Towns (SDIPs)", financed by the Municipal Development Programme, to a systematic support structure at the national level. (The SDIP is a participatory development planning process and instrument that intends to steer local development using an integrated, multi-themed and multi-stakeholder approach.)
The core objective of this joint project is to scale-up SDIP as a localised strategic planning approach in the Palestinian Territories and, thus, improve the economic, social and environmental conditions in Palestinian cities and towns.
A) Enhancing the Regulatory Framework B) Developing the Institutional framework C) Developing LGUs and Service Providers Capacity D) Sharing Knowledge and Raising Awareness
Expected Impacts and Results
At the overall project objective level, it is expected that there will be improved governance and decision-making processes at the local level and improved responsiveness to priority community needs at the local level. A.) It is expected that due to the enhanced Regulatory Framework, there will be better integration and complementarity of local, regional, and national plans. B.) Due to developing the Institutional Framework, it is expected that there will be improved institutional systems at the national level to promote and support SDIP processes at the local level. C.) In developing the capacity of LGUs and service providers/Consultants, it is expected that there will be improved capacities of LGUs officials to initiate, manage, and monitor participatory planning processes, improved quality of SDIPs with a stronger emphasis on promoting local economic development and improving social services and a broader base for LGUs to access local technical assistance and support. D.) Through sharing knowledge and raising awareness, it is expected that improved instruments for knowledge and experience sharing among LGUs will be developed and there will be better involvement of the civil society and private sector in the local development processes.