Widespread access to public goods and services is crucial for equitable economic growth. Access to social services, such as education and health care, is determinant of a healthy and productive labour force with skills and knowledge to   drive the urban economy.
 
Ensuring access to education is generally the most effective way to reduce inequality of opportunity and limit social exclusion, which in turn increases intergenerational mobility. 

The universal provision of basic infrastructure, such as Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) services, is fundamental to increasing the productivity of people and businesses alike. An effective, affordable transport infrastructure is required to avoid congestion and reap the economic benefits of connectivity.

No economy can thrive without reliable sources and supply of energy, especially electricity. Public space is essential to the livelihoods and productivity of informal workers, who often operate in the streets and open areas of the city. 

We know that improved access to public goods and services generally benefits the poor.  We also know that it strengthens the fundamental prerequisites for growth and productivity, enabling cities to benefit from economies of agglomeration and scale.  At the same time, more knowledge is needed to explore exactly how these goods and services support equitable economic growth in cities, as well as how such processes are most effectively supported both locally and globally.